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CANCER-SPECIFIC DISTRESS AND COPING AS PREDICTORS OF EARLY DETECTION BEHAVIORS IN WOMEN AT FAMILIAL RISK FOR BREAST CANCER

Michael, Julie Catherine (2008) CANCER-SPECIFIC DISTRESS AND COPING AS PREDICTORS OF EARLY DETECTION BEHAVIORS IN WOMEN AT FAMILIAL RISK FOR BREAST CANCER. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    Curative treatment for breast cancer has been highly successful when cancerous cells are detected in their earliest stages. Utilization of breast cancer early detection behaviors is crucial for all women, but these behaviors are especially relevant for women at familial risk for the disease. This study aimed to identify factors associated with utilization of early detection behaviors in a community sample of women at familial risk for breast cancer (n =116). Death of the relative was significantly linked with increased reports of cancer-specific distress regarding breast cancer risk, but it was not associated with increased use of early detection behaviors. Taking care of an ill relative and being an adolescent when the relative was diagnosed were not associated with either reporting cancer-specific distress or using early detection behaviors. Cancer-specific distress was not found to be a significant predictor of early detection behaviors. Problem-focused coping was positively associated with use of early detection behaviors whereas emotion-focused coping was negatively linked with use of early detection behaviors. These results suggest that coping interventions may be appropriate in order to encourage the use of early detection behaviors among women at familial risk for breast cancer. Future directions and limitations to the present study are discussed.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmailORCID
    Committee ChairPogue-Geile, Michaelmfpg@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberBaum, Andrewbaum@uta.edu
    Committee MemberMarsland, Annamarsland@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberVotruba-al, Elizabethevotruba@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberKlein, Williamwmklein@pitt.edu
    Title: CANCER-SPECIFIC DISTRESS AND COPING AS PREDICTORS OF EARLY DETECTION BEHAVIORS IN WOMEN AT FAMILIAL RISK FOR BREAST CANCER
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: Curative treatment for breast cancer has been highly successful when cancerous cells are detected in their earliest stages. Utilization of breast cancer early detection behaviors is crucial for all women, but these behaviors are especially relevant for women at familial risk for the disease. This study aimed to identify factors associated with utilization of early detection behaviors in a community sample of women at familial risk for breast cancer (n =116). Death of the relative was significantly linked with increased reports of cancer-specific distress regarding breast cancer risk, but it was not associated with increased use of early detection behaviors. Taking care of an ill relative and being an adolescent when the relative was diagnosed were not associated with either reporting cancer-specific distress or using early detection behaviors. Cancer-specific distress was not found to be a significant predictor of early detection behaviors. Problem-focused coping was positively associated with use of early detection behaviors whereas emotion-focused coping was negatively linked with use of early detection behaviors. These results suggest that coping interventions may be appropriate in order to encourage the use of early detection behaviors among women at familial risk for breast cancer. Future directions and limitations to the present study are discussed.
    Date: 17 January 2008
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 11 October 2007
    Approval Date: 17 January 2008
    Submission Date: 05 December 2007
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: MS - Master of Science
    URN: etd-12052007-140505
    Uncontrolled Keywords: cancer prevention; caregiving
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 15:08
    Last Modified: 21 May 2012 11:55
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-12052007-140505/, etd-12052007-140505

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