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Prevention Research: The Center for Healthy Aging Demonstration Project

Robare, Joseph F (2009) Prevention Research: The Center for Healthy Aging Demonstration Project. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The number of Americans over 65 years of age has increased rapidly in recent years. This population of older Americans will increase even more as the Baby Boomers begin reaching 65 in the year 2010. One of the greatest challenges in public health today is the increasing number of older adults who suffer disproportionately from chronic diseases and disability. Chronic diseases can be addressed by modifying risk factors and are not an inevitable consequence of aging. There is a great need to design community based multiple risk factor interventions that emphasize disease prevention. The Center for Healthy Aging recruited a population of healthy, at risk, older adults in southwestern Pennsylvania for a randomized community based intervention program. The program targeted adults aged ≥65, based upon "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging. The intervention evaluated (1) Brief Education and Counseling Intervention or (2) Brief Education and Counseling Intervention plus a Physical Activity and Dietary intervention for individuals with hypertension. Recruitment strategies included a direct mail campaign using voter registration lists and telephone follow-up. Health assessment data was collected at six month intervals through 24 month follow-up. Health behavior counseling and the Prevention in Practice Report were provided to participants in both programs as tools to advocate behavior change. A total of 951 households responded (8.2% response rate) and 541 participants from 444 households were randomized. After 24 months adherence to the "10 Keys"™ improved significantly in a number of areas. There was, however, no difference between the two groups in physical activity or changes in performance based measures related to physical activity. This prevention program resulted in significant reduction in key risk factors, immunization and screening over 2 years to established prevention guidelines for older adults. Further public health research is needed on the use of health advisors/health counselors to maximize public health prevention in individuals over 65. Empowering individuals regarding their own risk factor status for screenings, immunizations, and lifestyle changes could successfully impact the quality of health in community settings.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Robare, Joseph Frobarej@edc.pitt.edu; joseph.robare@fns.usda.gov
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairKuller, Lewis Hkullerl@edc.pitt.eduKULLER
Committee CoChairBayles, Constance Mbaylesc@edc.pitt.eduCBAYLES
Committee MemberNewman, Anne Bnewmana@edc.pitt.eduANEWMAN
Committee MemberMcTigue, Kathleen Mmctiguekm@upmc.edu
Committee MemberMilas, N. Carolemilas@pitt.eduMILAS
Committee MemberBoudreau, Robertboudreaur@edc.pitt.eduROB21
Committee MemberAlbert, Steven Msmalbert@pitt.eduSMALBERT
Date: 29 January 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 29 October 2008
Approval Date: 29 January 2009
Submission Date: 5 December 2008
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: DrPH - Doctor of Public Health
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: community health education; community intervention; health promotion; older adults; prevention research; public health; randomized trial; sodium reduction
Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-12052008-182045/, etd-12052008-182045
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:08
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:53
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10075

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