Pitt Logo LinkContact Us

Refiguraciones del valor de la experiencia en el siglo XVII espanol: apuntes desde la modernidad de una episteme alternativa

Vivalda, Nicolas Martin (2007) Refiguraciones del valor de la experiencia en el siglo XVII espanol: apuntes desde la modernidad de una episteme alternativa. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Primary Text
Download (2627Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    This dissertation deals with epistemological and literary problems surrounding Spanish Baroque reflection on the concepts of experience and perception, two of the most crucial and important notions linked to the origins of Western Modernity. Problems of experience and perception were treated by many Spanish philosophers and literary figures, including, Francisco Suárez, Francisco Sánchez, Miguel de Cervantes, Calderón de la Barca, Baltasar Gracián, and Mateo Alemán. My approach focuses on the development of these concepts in the Spanish seventeenth century, as an epistemological alternative to the crystallization of the modern Cartesian philosophical paradigm. I am particularly interested in examining the speculation about the ultimate nature of cognition, experience, and perception. I read different textual manifestations of seventeenth century Spanish Baroque thought as an alternate cognitive paradigm that gives raison d'être to well-known Baroque intellectual qualities of wit, attention, prudence, and discretion, all of which are pragmatically and epistemologically tentative. In this sense, my central hypothesis is that seventeenth century Spanish thinkers and writers avoid the Cartesian crystallization of the relationship between cognition and perception, by making it more unstable and open to heteronomy and ambiguity. The authors that I study struggle to design a broader idea of human experience and knowledge, and show traces of a heterodox, pre-modern philosophical framework. In numerous examples this approach shows itself to be more capable of dealing with a universe in a constant state of flux, paradoxically typified by both tension and order. At the same time, my dissertation proves that, although heterodox, the Baroque cognitive gaze is never ingenuous. The primary goal of such epistemological theory is not demarcation between true and false (as in the rationalist model) but open examination using cognitive values of juicio (discernment), agudeza (sharpness) and discreción (discretion). The Baroque's epistemological aim is not the ultimate -and typically modern- elimination of uncertainty, but the exploration of a different relationship between appearance and being conducted through an original revalidation of the notion of human experience.


    Share

    Citation/Export:
    Social Networking:

    Details

    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairBeverley, Johnbrq@pitt.edu
    Committee CoChairHerlinghaus, Hermannhxh@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberLooney, Dennislooney@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberMartin, Geraldgmmgmm@pitt.edu
    Title: Refiguraciones del valor de la experiencia en el siglo XVII espanol: apuntes desde la modernidad de una episteme alternativa
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: This dissertation deals with epistemological and literary problems surrounding Spanish Baroque reflection on the concepts of experience and perception, two of the most crucial and important notions linked to the origins of Western Modernity. Problems of experience and perception were treated by many Spanish philosophers and literary figures, including, Francisco Suárez, Francisco Sánchez, Miguel de Cervantes, Calderón de la Barca, Baltasar Gracián, and Mateo Alemán. My approach focuses on the development of these concepts in the Spanish seventeenth century, as an epistemological alternative to the crystallization of the modern Cartesian philosophical paradigm. I am particularly interested in examining the speculation about the ultimate nature of cognition, experience, and perception. I read different textual manifestations of seventeenth century Spanish Baroque thought as an alternate cognitive paradigm that gives raison d'être to well-known Baroque intellectual qualities of wit, attention, prudence, and discretion, all of which are pragmatically and epistemologically tentative. In this sense, my central hypothesis is that seventeenth century Spanish thinkers and writers avoid the Cartesian crystallization of the relationship between cognition and perception, by making it more unstable and open to heteronomy and ambiguity. The authors that I study struggle to design a broader idea of human experience and knowledge, and show traces of a heterodox, pre-modern philosophical framework. In numerous examples this approach shows itself to be more capable of dealing with a universe in a constant state of flux, paradoxically typified by both tension and order. At the same time, my dissertation proves that, although heterodox, the Baroque cognitive gaze is never ingenuous. The primary goal of such epistemological theory is not demarcation between true and false (as in the rationalist model) but open examination using cognitive values of juicio (discernment), agudeza (sharpness) and discreción (discretion). The Baroque's epistemological aim is not the ultimate -and typically modern- elimination of uncertainty, but the exploration of a different relationship between appearance and being conducted through an original revalidation of the notion of human experience.
    Date: 30 January 2007
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 05 December 2006
    Approval Date: 30 January 2007
    Submission Date: 06 December 2006
    Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-12062006-122059
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Aleman; Baroque; Calderon de la Barca; Cervantes Saavedra; Modernity; Spanish Golden Age
    Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Hispanic Languages and Literatures
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 15:08
    Last Modified: 21 May 2012 12:46
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-12062006-122059/, etd-12062006-122059

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads