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Asian and Pacific Islander (API) and HIV/AIDS risk-related behaviors

Salud, Margaret Cabotage (2004) Asian and Pacific Islander (API) and HIV/AIDS risk-related behaviors. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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AbstractDescription of problem: APIs in the US have experienced an increase of AIDS cases at a rate greater than other ethnic communities due to relatively low levels of knowledge regarding HIV and mechanisms of transmission, the high prevalence of risky sexual practices, and the absence or lack of educational interventions designed to reach API communities. Findings from this study further public health in terms of HIV prevention by providing information about the ideas APIs have about HIV/AIDS. Objectives: 1) To describe API knowledge level with regards to HIV/AIDS. 2) To identify HIV risk-related behavioral characteristics of APIs. 3) To identify types of prevention/intervention activities accessible to the API community. Methods: This study utilized a descriptive research design. Key informant participants recruited from the University of Pittsburgh Community were interviewed with questions about HIV/AIDS using a "snowball" sampling method, that is, request people's reference to other key informant participants. Subjects were paid $20 for their participation. The data was collected through a single 60-minute tape-recorded interview session in a common setting where the participant would not feel "labeled" in any manner and could openly participate. Confidentiality was guaranteed to encourage honest responses because the participants had to reveal personal information such as HIV status and HIV risk-related behaviors. Results: The participants demonstrated good levels of knowledge with regards to HIV/AIDS; the relationship between HIV and AIDS, and also about ways their community can be at risk. Participants mentioned using condoms as a safe activity that places people less at risk for HIV/AIDS and not using condoms as an unsafe activity that puts their ethnic community more at risk of HIV/AIDS. Discussion: The myth that American APIs are the model minority is contradicted as APIs are often underserved in healthcare due to cultural, linguistic and lack of peer and community support for sexual and racial diversity hindering self-esteem and positive self-identity. Therefore, such issues are identified within the API community that are important to consider when developing HIV prevention and education programs, benefiting the target community, health professionals and researchers reaching a diverse population for future studies and interventions being promoted.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Salud, Margaret
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairBeatty, Rodger
Committee MemberLombardi, Emilia
Committee MemberFrank, Linda Rfrankie@pitt.eduFRANKIE
Date: 13 December 2004
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 19 November 2004
Approval Date: 13 December 2004
Submission Date: 9 December 2004
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MPH - Master of Public Health
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asian and Pacific Islander; HIV/AIDS
Other ID:, etd-12092004-000147
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:09
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:54


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