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MEDIA USE BY CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH AND WITHOUT DEPRESSION: GOING IT ALONE?

Bertocci, Michele A (2011) MEDIA USE BY CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH AND WITHOUT DEPRESSION: GOING IT ALONE? Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

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    Abstract

    Using experience sampling methodology this paper compares youth with and without Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in their social and asocial uses of electronic media (EM) and non-electronic media (NEM). In addition this study examines whether recovery from depression is accompanied by changes in media use. The media use and companionship of 108 participants, 47 MDD and 61 non-depressed Controls, were recorded through telephone report. Results show that youth with MDD used EM more in an asocial context than did the Control group both during the depressive episode and after recovery from depression. In addition, NEM use was significantly higher for the Control group than the MDD group after recovery. Time spent with asocial EM is considered as a consequence of the depressive episode and as an aid to recovery supporting the social risk hypothesis of depression. Asocial media use is also considered to be a possible hindrance to recovery. Implications for treatment are discussed.


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    Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
    ETD Committee:
    ETD Committee TypeCommittee MemberEmail
    Committee ChairKlein, Rogerrklein@pitt.edu
    Committee CoChairForbes, Erika Eforbesee@upmc.edu
    Committee MemberJohnson, Carljohnson@pitt.edu
    Committee MemberPingel, LouisPingel@pitt.edu
    Title: MEDIA USE BY CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH AND WITHOUT DEPRESSION: GOING IT ALONE?
    Status: Unpublished
    Abstract: Using experience sampling methodology this paper compares youth with and without Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in their social and asocial uses of electronic media (EM) and non-electronic media (NEM). In addition this study examines whether recovery from depression is accompanied by changes in media use. The media use and companionship of 108 participants, 47 MDD and 61 non-depressed Controls, were recorded through telephone report. Results show that youth with MDD used EM more in an asocial context than did the Control group both during the depressive episode and after recovery from depression. In addition, NEM use was significantly higher for the Control group than the MDD group after recovery. Time spent with asocial EM is considered as a consequence of the depressive episode and as an aid to recovery supporting the social risk hypothesis of depression. Asocial media use is also considered to be a possible hindrance to recovery. Implications for treatment are discussed.
    Date: 07 January 2011
    Date Type: Completion
    Defense Date: 01 November 2010
    Approval Date: 07 January 2011
    Submission Date: 09 December 2010
    Access Restriction: No restriction; The work is available for access worldwide immediately.
    Patent pending: No
    Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
    Refereed: Yes
    Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
    URN: etd-12092010-210041
    Uncontrolled Keywords: depression; electronic media; non-electronic media; socially isolative behavior
    Schools and Programs: School of Education > Psychology in Education
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 15:10
    Last Modified: 25 May 2012 09:33
    Other ID: http://etd.library.pitt.edu/ETD/available/etd-12092010-210041/, etd-12092010-210041

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