Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Appropriating Apocalyptic: Paul Ricoeur's Hermeneutics and the Discourse of Mark 13

de Vries, Peter Cornelius (2010) Appropriating Apocalyptic: Paul Ricoeur's Hermeneutics and the Discourse of Mark 13. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (1MB) | Preview


Mark 13 predicts that certain events will occur literally within the generation of Jesus' contemporaries, and today's reader recognizes that some of these events have not taken place. The reader therefore appropriates the text as a false configuration of the world because it describes the world differently from how it is. However, the hermeneutics of Paul Ricoeur enables a reader to appropriate the text as a presentation of truth. His argument for textual autonomy supports the contention that a text's meaning is not limited to what the author intended and the original readers perceived. In new reading contexts, the meaning that comes from the text itself creates an evocative dialectic between the reader's lived world and the world description of the text. Although Mark 13 was originally understood literally, today's audience is able to read it as metaphor. Metaphor is not a rhetorically attractive literary trope; it is a transgression of language codes and categories. Through its association of previously unrelated concepts, metaphor creates new, multiple meanings and changes the linguistic structures within which it operates. Metaphor is able to present truth, not as a verifiable presentation of the world as it is perceived by the reader, but as a manifestation of the world in a new way. The reader recognizes this truth only as she is willing to engage with the text without imposing her preconceptions upon it. Mark 13, as it is read by today's reader, functions as metaphor because of the double dissonance first between the configured world of the text and the lived world of the reader and second between claim that Jesus is able to predict when the events will take place (v. 30) and the assertion that he is not able to do so (v. 32). One option for today's reader to appropriate the metaphor of Mark 13 as truth is a perception of the presence in the world of forces that challenge and subvert powers which appear to be dominant, and which deceive, destroy, and persecute.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
de Vries, Peter
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairEdwards, S. Anthony (Tony)tedwards@pitt.eduTEDWARDS
Committee MemberShear, Adamashear@pitt.eduASHEAR
Committee MemberOrbach, Alexanderorbach@pitt.eduORBACH
Committee MemberAllison,
Committee MemberTaylor, Georgegtaylor@pitt.eduGTAYLOR
Date: 17 June 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 4 April 2010
Approval Date: 17 June 2010
Submission Date: 10 December 2009
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Religion (Cooperative Program in the study of)
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metaphor
Other ID:, etd-12102009-124820
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:10
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:54


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item