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Effect of Exercise Intensity on Differentiated and Undifferentiated Ratings of Perceived Exertion During Cycle and Treadmill Exercise in Recreationally Active and Trained Women

Bolgar, Melinda R. (2009) Effect of Exercise Intensity on Differentiated and Undifferentiated Ratings of Perceived Exertion During Cycle and Treadmill Exercise in Recreationally Active and Trained Women. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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PURPOSE: To examine the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on components of the differentiated perceived exertion model in young women performing weight bearing and non-weight bearing aerobic exercise. METHODS: Subjects were 18-25 yr old women who were recreationally active (N = 19; VO2max = 33.40 ml/kg/min) and trained (N = 22; VO2max = 43.3 ml/kg/min). Subjects underwent two graded exercise tests (GXT) separated by 48 hours. The first GXT used a treadmill and employed a modified Bruce protocol to assess ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and VO2max. The second GXT used a cycle ergometer with a load incremented protocol to assess RPE and VO2peak. RPE-Overall, -Legs, and -Chest, as well as oxygen uptake (VO2) and heart rate were recorded each minute. Individual regression analyses were used to identify RPE-Overall,-Legs, and -Chest at 40, 60, 80% VO2max/peak. Separate two factor (site (3) x intensity (3)) ANOVAs with repeated measures on site and intensity were computed for each training status. Furthermore, RPE responses were also examined with a one factor (site (3)) within subject ANOVA with repeated measure on site at the ventilatory breakpoint. RESULTS: For both the recreationally active and trained groups no significant differences were observed for RPE-Overall, -Legs, and -Chest during treadmill exercise. However, for cycling exercise results indicated that RPE-Legs was significantly greater at all exercise intensities than RPE-Overall and RPE-Chest for trained subjects while for recreationally active subjects RPE-Legs was only significantly higher at the highest exercise intensity. Responses at the ventilatory breakpoint during cycle exercise indicated that RPE-Legs was significantly greater than RPE-Chest and RPE-Overall for trained subjects but not for recreationally active subjects. Signal dominance was not observed at an intensity equivalent to the ventilatory breakpoint during treadmill exercise in either of the groups. CONCLUSION: In recreationally active and trained females signal dominance was demonstrated only during cycling exercise, but not during treadmill exercise. Signal integration could not be demonstrated during cycling and treadmill exercise at various intensities.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Bolgar, Melinda
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairRobertson, Robertrrobert@pitt.eduRROBERT
Committee MemberBaker, Carolceb@pitt.eduCEB
Committee MemberNagle, Elizabethnagle@pitt.eduNAGLE
Committee MemberGoss, Fredricgoss@pitt.eduGOSS
Date: 9 January 2009
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 2 December 2008
Approval Date: 9 January 2009
Submission Date: 11 December 2008
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Education > Health, Physical, Recreational Education
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: perceived exertion; cycle exercise; treadmill exercise
Other ID:, etd-12112008-113628
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:10
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:54


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