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Cui, Shanshan (2010) ROLE OF PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL METABOLISM IN RENAL EPITHELIAL MEMBRANE TRAFFIC. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Phosphatidylinositol (PI) and its phosphorylated derivatives, phosphatidylinositides (PIPs), are versatile cellular regulators participating in myriad events including signal transduction, cytoskeleton organization, protein targeting and many steps of membrane traffic. Different PIPs exhibit non-overlapping distributions on cellular membranes. This feature contributes to organelle identities and is tightly controlled by kinase/phosphatase-mediated PIP synthesis and turnover. Mechanisms regarding compartment-restriction and detailed functions of many PIPs and PI/PIP metabolizing enzymes remain largely unknown. My dissertation focuses on the cellular targeting mechanism of a PIP kinase and the pathogenesis of a disease caused by mutations in a PIP phosphatase.Phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PIP2), an apical-surface-enriched PIP in polarized epithelial cells, is primarily synthesized via phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) in the presence of type I PI 5-kinases (PI5KIs). Previous studies have suggested that the three isoforms of PI5KI (¦Á, ¦Â, and ¦Ã) exhibit distinct cellular functions. Data from our lab indicate that these three PI5KIs are differentially localized in polarized renal cells. While the majority of ¦Á and ¦Ã isoforms are present on lateral cell surface, the ¦Â isoform strikingly localizes to the apical plasma membrane. Using mutagenesis, immunofluorescence, and confocal microscopy, I have found that the apical surface distribution of PI5KI¦Â is nonsaturable and does not require catalytic activity or the presence of PIP2. These results provide useful information for future studies on PI5KI¦Â-regulated cellular activities.PIP2 turnover can be catalyzed by a variety of enzymes, one of which is OCRL1. OCRL1 is a PI 5-phosphatase that preferentially hydrolyzes PIP2, producing PI4P, and is associated with the trans-Golgi network, endosomes, and clathrin-coated-pits. Genetic defects of OCRL1 cause Lowe syndrome, a disease manifested by congenital cataracts, mental retardation, and renal tubular dysfunction. By examining cultured renal epithelial cells acutely depleted of OCRL1 via RNA interference, I have found that loss of OCRL1 does not interfere with endocytic trafficking of the multiligand receptor megalin, or uptake of megalin ligands. OCRL1 knockdown did appear to disrupt delivery of newly-synthesized lysosomal hydrolases and alter distribution of primary cilia length in renal epithelial cells. These findings suggest that multiple pathways may contribute to development of renal symptoms in Lowe patients.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairHughey, Rebecca PHughey@dom.pitt.eduHUGHEYR
Committee CoChairWeisz, Ora Aweisz@pitt.eduWEISZ
Committee MemberCoyne, Carolyn Bcoynec2@pitt.eduCOYNEC2
Committee MemberTraub, Linton Mtraub@pitt.eduTRAUB
Committee MemberHukriede, Neil Ahukriede@pitt.eduHUKRIEDE
Date: 20 December 2010
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 7 December 2010
Approval Date: 20 December 2010
Submission Date: 19 December 2010
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Cell Biology and Molecular Physiology
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cilia; Kinase; Lowe syndrome; Membrane traffic; Phosphatase; Phosphatidylinositol; Polarity; Renal epithelial cells
Other ID:, etd-12192010-002915
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2011 20:11
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:54


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