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Development of a Luciferase-Based Assay to Screen for Gametocyte-Specific Antimalarial Drugs

Fields, Becita (2012) Development of a Luciferase-Based Assay to Screen for Gametocyte-Specific Antimalarial Drugs. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

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Abstract

For centuries, Malaria has continued to be one of the most deadly infectious diseases in the world. Almost all of the current antimalarial drugs target the asexual blood stages of the Plasmodium parasite responsible for the clinical pathology of malaria, but nearly all have no activity against the mature gametocyte or sexual stage that is responsible for the transmission of the parasite through the mosquito vector. Renewed interest in global eradication of malaria has turned some of the focus on blocking transmission. We have developed transgenic Plasmodium berghei that expresses luciferase under the control of gametocyte-specific promoters. Pb920Lux is a transgenic parasite that expresses luciferase in both male and female gametocytes, while Pb610Lux is a transgenic parasite that expresses luciferase in the male gametocyte. Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) shows luciferase is expressed in some parasites and in accordance with a previous study, suggest these may be gametocytes. These transgenic parasites were then used in a luciferase-based drug assay. Seven known antimalarial drugs were used to confirm the validity of the assay. Four of the known drugs had gametocidal activity, while three of the drugs have no gametocidal activity. We first created a dose response using the Pb920Lux and Pb610Lux along with PbGFPLuxcon as our control. From there we calculate the IC50 values of these drugs and compared them to the IC50 values calculated using PbGFPLuxcon (control). As expected, the transgenic parasites showed significant gametocidal activity in the four known drugs and no significant activity in the three non-gametocidal drugs. We confirmed this finding by calculating the percentage of parasites and gametocyte by light microscope and compared these to our findings with the luciferase-based assay. Next we analyzed four unknown drugs and found that they contain no gametocidal activity. The public health importance of developing a luciferase-based assay specific for gametocytes is to provide a simple and efficient method of detecting gametocidal drugs in order to prevent the transmission of malaria.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Fields, Becitabjfields81@gmail.com
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTarun, AliceAST22@PITT.EDUAST22
Committee MemberMartinson, JeremyJMARTINS@PITT.EDUJMARTINS
Committee MemberBoyle, JonBOYLEJ@PITT.EDUBOYLEJ
Committee MemberChakrabarti, KausikKAUSIK@ANDREW.CMU.EDU
Date: 30 January 2012
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 22 November 2011
Approval Date: 30 January 2012
Submission Date: 29 November 2011
Release Date: 30 January 2012
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 67
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plasmodium, gametocytes, luciferase, antimalarial, pyrimethamine, primaquine, atovaquone, tetracycline, amodiaquine, artesunate, quinine, fatty acids, Plasmodium berghei
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2012 18:41
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 13:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10790

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  • Development of a Luciferase-Based Assay to Screen for Gametocyte-Specific Antimalarial Drugs. (deposited 30 Jan 2012 18:41) [Currently Displayed]

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