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Instantaneous venous return curves in an intact canine preparation

Pinsky, MR (1984) Instantaneous venous return curves in an intact canine preparation. Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology, 56 (3). 765 - 771. ISSN 0161-7567

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Abstract

The relationship between right atrial pressure (Pra) and venous return describes a venous return curve. Because changes in venous return and right ventricular stroke volume (SV(RV)) are similar during small tidal volume (VT) breathing, we compared the relationship of SV(RV) and Pra during positive-pressure ventilation (VT < 10 ml/kg) in 17 pentobarbital-anesthetized, closed-chest, canine preparations. The SV(RV)-Pra relationship describes a straight line with a negative slope and a positive mean systemic pressure (Pms)-zero flow intercept (instantaneous Pms). Instantaneous Pms is similar to ventricular fibrillation-induced (stop-flow) Pms (8.1 ± 0.8 vs. 8.4 ± 0.7 mmHg, mean ± SE). With volume infusion, both instantaneous and stop-flow Pms increase to a similar degree (R = 0.9014, P < 0.001). The effect of opening an arteriovenous fistula is time dependent and variable between dogs, but by 30 s it is associated with an increase in instantaneous Pms (5.2 ± 3.2 mmHg). Vascular compliance determined by adding and removing blood from the intravascular space displays a curvilinear hysteresis. The instantaneous venous return curve is affected by intravascular blood volume, vasomotor tone, and resistance to venous return. The relationship between SV(RV) and Pra during small VT breathing define instantaneous venous return curves similar to those described using right-heart bypass preparations.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pinsky, MRpinsky@pitt.eduPINSKY
Date: 1 January 1984
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology
Volume: 56
Number: 3
Page Range: 765 - 771
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Critical Care Medicine
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0161-7567
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2012 15:51
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2019 15:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11004

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