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Flow resistance of expiratory positive-pressure systems

Pinsky, MR and Hrehocik, D and Culpepper, JA and Snijder, JV (1988) Flow resistance of expiratory positive-pressure systems. Chest, 94 (4). 788 - 791. ISSN 0012-3692

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We measured the flow-resistance of five commercially available 10 cm H2O expiratory positive-pressure (EPP) valves (n = five per valve type) at bias flows of between 0 and 2,000 ml/s. We found that individual valves of each type and manufacturer functioned similarly. Different valve types, however, functioned differently: with one type, system pressure was higher than rated (p < 0.05), and with another type, system pressure was significantly flow-dependent (p < 0.01). The remaining types of valves had no flow-resistive properties and maintained a system pressure of 10 cm H2O. We conclude that system pressure is not similar in all continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) systems using bias flow and EPP valves. The work of breathing imposed by CPAP circuits will be increased in systems whose EPP valves have flow-dependent properties.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pinsky, MRpinsky@pitt.eduPINSKY0000-0001-6166-700X
Hrehocik, D
Culpepper, JA
Snijder, JV
Date: 1 January 1988
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Chest
Volume: 94
Number: 4
Page Range: 788 - 791
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1378/chest.94.4.788
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Critical Care Medicine
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0012-3692
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2012 16:13
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 14:55


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