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Short-term and long-term outcome prediction with the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II system after orthotopic liver transplantation

Angus, DC and Clermont, G and Kramer, DJ and Linde-Zwirble, WT and Pinsky, MR (2000) Short-term and long-term outcome prediction with the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II system after orthotopic liver transplantation. Critical Care Medicine, 28 (1). 150 - 156. ISSN 0090-3493

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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the postoperative Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and mortality at hospital discharge and at 1 yr in liver transplant recipients. Population: Adult orthotopic liver transplant (OLTX) recipients (n = 599) admitted to the intensive care unit postoperatively at a university hospital. Methods: The cohort was split randomly into development and validation sets. Three models were compared for each end point: a) the original APACHE II slope with the original APACHE II postgastrointestinal surgery intercept; b) the original APACHE II slope with an OLTX-specific intercept generated from the development set; and c) an OLTX-specific slope and intercept generated from the development set. Goodness-of-fit and calibration were assessed by the Hosmer-Lemeshow C statistic (where p > .05 suggests good fit) and standardized mortality ratios. Discrimination was assessed by receiver operator characteristic area under the curve analysis. Measurements and Main Results: Hospital and 1-yr mortality rates were 9.9% and 15.9%, respectively. The APACHE II score was strongly associated with mortality (chi-square, p < .0001), but when used with the original equation, it significantly overestimated hospital mortality (standardized mortality ratio, 0.73 [confidence interval, 0.58-0.99]). Using the OLTX-specific approaches, goodness-of-fit for both hospital and 1-yr mortality was good (p = .2-.57) but discrimination was only moderate (receiver operator characteristic area under the curve, 0.675-0.723). Conclusions: APACHE II is a good predictor of short- and long-term mortality after liver transplantation, especially when using OLTX-specific coefficients. Because fit and calibration were better than discrimination, APACHE II will be most useful in the prediction of risk for groups of patients (e.g., in clinical trials or institutional comparisons) rather than for individuals. This study raises the possibility that APACHE II may be useful for long-term mortality prediction in other critically ill populations. The overestimation of mortality using the original equation suggests that orthotopic liver transplantation, by reversing the underlying pathophysiology, may modify risk.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Angus, DCangusdc@pitt.eduANGUSDC0000-0002-7026-5181
Clermont, Gcler@pitt.eduCLER
Kramer, DJ
Linde-Zwirble, WT
Pinsky, MRpinsky@pitt.eduPINSKY0000-0001-6166-700X
Date: 1 January 2000
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Critical Care Medicine
Volume: 28
Number: 1
Page Range: 150 - 156
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1097/00003246-200001000-00025
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Critical Care Medicine
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0090-3493
PubMed ID: 10667515
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2012 20:46
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 16:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11403

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