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Intelligent Agents as Teammates

Sukthankar, Gita and Shumaker, Randall and Lewis, Michael (2011) Intelligent Agents as Teammates. In: Theories of Team Cognition: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. Routledge Academic, 313 - 343. ISBN 978-0-415-87413-7

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Team behavior has almost exclusively been studied as involving humans interacting in tasks that require collective action to achieve success. Long a feature in science i ction, it recently has become technologically possible to create artii cial entities that can serve as members of teams, as opposed to simply being automated systems operated by human team members. In the computing and robotics literature, such entities are called sot ware agents. h e term embodied agent is ot en used to describe physical robots in order to dif erentiate them from purely sot ware agents; however, for the purposes of this chapter, we will use agent to refer to both because we intend to argue that some form of embodiment, virtual or physical, is an important element in establishing and maintaining membership in a team. h e term intelligent agent is probably overly generous for describing the cognitive performance possible within the next decade, but implicit in the proposed elevation of status to teammate is the assumption that agents are capable of serving a role within the team that would otherwise have to be served by a human. h is does not imply that human-level cognitive capability is feasible, required, or even desired, only that serving as a team member implies a dif erent kind of interaction and collaboration with human team members than is expected of other forms of automation. If the agent must exhaustively consider interactions between its actions and the past and future actions of all other team members, achieving good teamwork becomes a computationally intensive problem. For the purpose of this survey, we limit our discussion of agents to pieces of sot ware that (a) are autonomous, dei ned as capable of functioning independently for a signii cant length of time, (b) proactively act in anticipation of future events, and (c) are capable of self rel ection about their and their teammates’ abilities. In this chapter, we will review research on multiagent systems, mixed initiative control, and agent interaction within human teams to evaluate the technological outlook, potential, and research directions for developing agents to serve as genuine team members.


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Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Sukthankar, Gita
Shumaker, Randall
Lewis, Michael
Date: 2011
Date Type: Publication
Publisher: Routledge Academic
Page Range: 313 - 343
Schools and Programs: School of Information Sciences > Information Science
Refereed: Yes
ISBN: 978-0-415-87413-7
Title of Book: Theories of Team Cognition: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives
Official URL:
Related URLs:
Additional Information: Please access chapter through related URL.
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2012 19:16
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2017 12:55


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