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Cardiopulmonary interactions

Pinsky, MR (2005) Cardiopulmonary interactions. In: Surgical Critical Care, Second Edition. UNSPECIFIED, 395 - 410. ISBN 9780824759117

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Abstract

© 2005 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. The primary goal of the cardiorespiratory system is to continually deliver adequate amounts of O2 to meet the metabolic demands of the tissues. Oxygen delivery (DO2) is a function of arterial O2 content and cardiac output. Alterations in both arterial O2 content and cardiac output occur routinely during spontaneous ventilation and can be quite abnormal and life-threatening in patients with either cardiovascular instability or respiratory insufficiency. Furthermore, artificial ventilation and ventilatory maneuvers (such as bag sigh/suctioning) can profoundly alter not only gas exchange (arterial O2 content) but cardiac output as well. With an understanding of these interactions during both spontaneous and artificial ventilation, the physician can comprehend the impact that application and withdrawal of ventilatory therapies will have on the patient's overall cardiovascular homeostasis. Ventilation alters cardiovascular function in four primary ways (see Table 1).


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Details

Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pinsky, MRpinsky@pitt.eduPINSKY
Date: 1 January 2005
Date Type: Publication
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Page Range: 395 - 410
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Critical Care Medicine
Refereed: Yes
ISBN: 9780824759117
Title of Book: Surgical Critical Care, Second Edition
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2012 19:23
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2019 18:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/12413

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