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Increase in non-AIDS related conditions as causes of death among HIV-infected individuals in the HAART era in Brazil

Pacheco, AG and Tuboi, SH and Faulhaber, JC and Harrison, LH and Schechter, M (2008) Increase in non-AIDS related conditions as causes of death among HIV-infected individuals in the HAART era in Brazil. PLoS ONE, 3 (1).

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Abstract

Background. In 1996, Brazil became the first developing country to provide free and universal access to HAART. Although a decrease in overall mortality has been documented, there are no published data on the impact of HAART on causes of death among HIV-infected individuals in Brazil. We assessed temporal trends of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM) and other conditions generally not associated with HIV-infection among persons with and without HIV infection in Brazil between 1999 and 2004. Methodology/Principal Findings. Odds ratios were used to compare causes of death in individuals who had HIV/AIDS listed on any field of the death certificate with those who did not. Logistic regression models were fitted with generalized estimating equations to account for spatial correlation; co-variables were added to the models to control for potential confounding. Of 5,856,056 deaths reported in Brazil between 1999 and 2004 67,249 (1.15%) had HIV/AIDS listed on the death certificate and non-HIV-related conditions were listed on 16.3% in 1999, Increasing to 24.1% by 2004 (p<0.001) The adjusted average yearly increases were 8% and 0.8% for CVD (p<0.001), and 12% and 2.8% for DM (p<0.001), for those who had and kiki not have HIV/AIDS listed on the death certificate respectively. Similar results were found for these conditions as underlying causes of death. Conclusions/Significance. In Brazil between 1999 and 2004 conditions usually considered not to be related to HIV-infection appeared to become more likely causes of death over time than reported causes of death among individuals who had HIV/AIDS listed on the death certificate than in those who did not. This observation has important programmatic implications for developing countries that are scaling-up access to antiretroviral therapy. © 2008 Pacheco et al.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Pacheco, AG
Tuboi, SH
Faulhaber, JC
Harrison, LHlharriso@edc.pitt.eduLHARRISO
Schechter, M
Contributors:
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
EditorNovotny, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date: 30 January 2008
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 3
Number: 1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001531
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Graduate School of Public Health > Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
PubMed ID: 18231611
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2012 20:59
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 15:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/12931

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