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Medical Conditions Among Hospitalized Older Adult Drivers

Agimi, Yll (2012) Medical Conditions Among Hospitalized Older Adult Drivers. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Motor-vehicle related deaths and injuries are a significant concern for older adults. In 2007, unintentional injuries, including motor-vehicle related injuries, represented the 9th leading cause of death, and the 4th leading cause of injury for adults 65 and older. And as seniors are living longer and an increasing proportion continue to drive at later ages, functional and medical conditions, related to driving performance and crash risk, have received renewed attention. A number of medical conditions are considered to impact driving performance and have been linked to increased crash risk. There is a general lack of knowledge on the prevalence of these driving-related medical conditions among the older adult drivers population, including those involved in crashes. This study is an attempt to estimate the prevalence of driving-related medical conditions among crash-related hospitalized older adults, and determine role of driving-related conditions on in-hospital death. Furthermore, a matched case-control dimension of this study compares the prevalence of driving-related medical conditions among hospitalized drivers to two control groups, those in knee replacement surgeries as well as those in other most frequent elective procedures, matched on key demographic factors.
The public health significance of this research is its findings on the prevalence of medical conditions among hospitalized older drivers, its results that driving-related conditions are not uniformly overrepresented among hospitalized drivers and that drivers with cardiovascular conditions are significantly more likely to die in-hospital, following a motor-vehicle crash, than those without such conditions. These results inform stakeholders on the health characteristics of older drivers to guide policies that ensure the safe mobility of this population in an aging society.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Agimi, Yllyll.agimi@gmail.com; ylh3@pitt.eduYLH3
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSonger, Thomas J.tjs@pitt.eduTJS
Committee MemberAlbert, Steven M.albertsm@upmc.eduSMALBERT
Committee MemberCostantino, Joseph P.Costan@nsabp.pitt.eduCOSTAN
Date: 24 September 2012
Date Type: Completion
Defense Date: 13 June 2012
Approval Date: 24 September 2012
Submission Date: 7 June 2012
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 59
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Graduate School of Public Health > Epidemiology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: matched case-control, conditional logistic regression, hospitalized drivers medical conditions
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2012 18:27
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2017 05:15
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/13076

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  • Medical Conditions Among Hospitalized Older Adult Drivers. (deposited 24 Sep 2012 18:27) [Currently Displayed]

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