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Effects of Economic Hardship on Complicated Grief

Nam, Ilsung (2012) Effects of Economic Hardship on Complicated Grief. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Complicated grief is an intense and persistent type of grief which appears to be distinct from depression. Despite the importance of this recently defined syndrome, we are only beginning to learn what factors make people vulnerable to it. Various stressors have been found to be associated with complicated grief, however, to date, studies have focused on individual stressors, such as negative cognition and attachment style. Contextual stressors, such as economic hardship, are probably important, and have been understudied. Additionally, depression may itself be a risk factor for complicated grief, as recent evidence supports that individuals with depression are more like to have complicated grief symptoms. Using the REACH data which was prospectively collected from caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients, first this study found that complicated grief is distinct from depression by confirming the two-factor structure (i.e., Complicated Grief vs. Depression); and second, it found the indirect effect of economic hardship on complicated grief through depression. Future research will need to replicate these findings with larger and more heterogeneous samples, and with more comprehensive measure of economic hardship.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairGreeno, Catherinekgreeno@pitt.eduKGREENO
Committee MemberKoeske, Garygkoeske@pitt.eduGKOESKE
Committee MemberTang, Fengyanfet7@pitt.eduFET7
Committee MemberSchulz, Richardschulz@pitt.eduSCHULZ
Committee MemberReynolds, CharlesReynoldsCF@upmc.eduCHIPR
Date: 10 August 2012
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 July 2012
Approval Date: 10 August 2012
Submission Date: 8 August 2012
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 151
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Social Work > Social Work
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economic Hardship, Depression, Complicated Grief, Bereavement
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2012 12:07
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2016 14:38


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