Link to the University of Pittsburgh Homepage
Link to the University Library System Homepage Link to the Contact Us Form

Family Caregivers' Labor Force Participation and Financial Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study

Lee, Yeonjung (2012) Family Caregivers' Labor Force Participation and Financial Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

Primary Text

Download (1MB) | Preview


As the older population continues to grow, the number of people in need of long-term care is likely to increase and more families than ever before are becoming involved in providing care to family members. Studies on family caregivers’ labor force participation and financial well-being have implications for designing social policy and programs to support family caregivers. However, first, the existing research on the relationship between caregiving and labor force participation is suggestive but not conclusive due to equivocal research results based on cross-sectional design. Second, much of the previous literature on caregiving has focused on the effects of caregiving on the caregivers’ psychological and physical well-being, and there is limited literature pertaining to caregivers’ financial well-being. Third, a comparative study of the similarities and differences across cultures will add knowledge regarding how cultural background and institutional factors interact with care for the elderly.
This dissertation aimed to fill these gaps by examining family caregivers’ labor force participation and financial well-being through a longitudinal research design. In addition, this study attempted to conduct a cross-national comparative study between the United States and Korea by exploring the two nationally representative data. Results suggest that while caregiving had a negative impact on women’s labor force participation, employment status was not related to assume the role of physical caregiver. In addition, men’s labor force participation had a negative impact on taking on the physical care, whereas the role of physical caregiver was not related to their employment status. However, the impact of caregiving on change in financial well-being and the mediation effect of employment on financial well-being were not identified. Findings from this study provide a greater understanding of gender differences in the relationship between caregiving and labor force participation.


Social Networking:
Share |


Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Lee, Yeonjungyel11@pitt.eduYEL11
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairTang, Fengyanfet7@pitt.eduFET7
Committee MemberKoeske, Garygkoeske@pitt.eduGKOESKE
Committee MemberMann, Aaronamssw@pitt.eduAMSSW
Committee MemberAlbert, Stevensmalbert@pitt.eduSMALBERT
Committee MemberKim, Kevinkhkim@pitt.eduKHKIM
Date: 16 August 2012
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 12 June 2012
Approval Date: 16 August 2012
Submission Date: 14 August 2012
Access Restriction: 5 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 5 years.
Number of Pages: 136
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: School of Social Work > Social Work
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: family caregiving: labor force participation; financial well-being; cross-lagged panel model; growth curve modeling
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2012 12:58
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2017 05:15


Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item