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Contrasting genetic structure in two co-distributed species of old world fruit bat

Chen, J and Rossiter, SJ and Flanders, JR and Sun, Y and Hua, P and Miller-Butterworth, C and Liu, X and Rajan, KE and Zhang, S (2010) Contrasting genetic structure in two co-distributed species of old world fruit bat. PLoS ONE, 5 (11).

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The fulvous fruit bat (Rousettus leschenaulti) and the greater short-nosed fruit bat (Cynopterus sphinx) are two abundant and widely co-distributed Old World fruit bats in Southeast and East Asia. The former species forms large colonies in caves while the latter roots in small groups in trees. To test whether these differences in social organization and roosting ecology are associated with contrasting patterns of gene flow, we used mtDNA and nuclear loci to characterize population genetic subdivision and phylogeographic histories in both species sampled from China, Vietnam and India. Our analyses from R. leschenaulti using both types of marker revealed little evidence of genetic structure across the study region. On the other hand, C. sphinx showed significant genetic mtDNA differentiation between the samples from India compared with China and Vietnam, as well as greater structuring of microsatellite genotypes within China. Demographic analyses indicated signatures of past rapid population expansion in both taxa, with more recent demographic growth in C. sphinx. Therefore, the relative genetic homogeneity in R. leschenaulti is unlikely to reflect past events. Instead we suggest that the absence of substructure in R. leschenaulti is a consequence of higher levels of gene flow among colonies, and that greater vagility in this species is an adaptation associated with cave roosting. © 2010 Chen et al.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Chen, J
Rossiter, SJ
Flanders, JR
Sun, Y
Hua, P
Miller-Butterworth, C
Liu, X
Rajan, KE
Zhang, S
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Date: 9 December 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 5
Number: 11
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013903
Schools and Programs: School of Public Health > Human Genetics
Refereed: Yes
MeSH Headings: Analysis of Variance; Animals; Biodiversity; China; Chiroptera--classification; Chiroptera--genetics; Chiroptera--growth & development; Cluster Analysis; Cytochromes b--genetics; DNA, Mitochondrial--chemistry; DNA, Mitochondrial--genetics; Genetic Variation; Genotype; Geography; Haplotypes; India; Microsatellite Repeats--genetics; Molecular Sequence Data; Phylogeny; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Species Specificity; Vietnam
Other ID: NLM PMC2978090
PubMed Central ID: PMC2978090
PubMed ID: 21085717
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2012 21:55
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:58


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