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Automated detection of heuristics and biases among pathologists in a computer-based system

Crowley, RS and Legowski, E and Medvedeva, O and Reitmeyer, K and Tseytlin, E and Castine, M and Jukic, D and Mello-Thoms, C (2013) Automated detection of heuristics and biases among pathologists in a computer-based system. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 18 (3). 343 - 363. ISSN 1382-4996

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is threefold: (1) to develop an automated, computer-based method to detect heuristics and biases as pathologists examine virtual slide cases, (2) to measure the frequency and distribution of heuristics and errors across three levels of training, and (3) to examine relationships of heuristics to biases, and biases to diagnostic errors. The authors conducted the study using a computer-based system to view and diagnose virtual slide cases. The software recorded participant responses throughout the diagnostic process, and automatically classified participant actions based on definitions of eight common heuristics and/or biases. The authors measured frequency of heuristic use and bias across three levels of training. Biases studied were detected at varying frequencies, with availability and search satisficing observed most frequently. There were few significant differences by level of training. For representativeness and anchoring, the heuristic was used appropriately as often or more often than it was used in biased judgment. Approximately half of the diagnostic errors were associated with one or more biases. We conclude that heuristic use and biases were observed among physicians at all levels of training using the virtual slide system, although their frequencies varied. The system can be employed to detect heuristic use and to test methods for decreasing diagnostic errors resulting from cognitive biases. © 2012 The Author(s).


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Crowley, RS
Legowski, E
Medvedeva, O
Reitmeyer, K
Tseytlin, E
Castine, M
Jukic, D
Mello-Thoms, Ccrm1@pitt.eduCRM1
Date: 1 August 2013
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Advances in Health Sciences Education
Volume: 18
Number: 3
Page Range: 343 - 363
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10459-012-9374-z
Schools and Programs: School of Medicine > Biomedical Informatics
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1382-4996
PubMed ID: 22618855
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2012 20:54
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/13783

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