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Essays on Immigration

Genc, Serife (2012) Essays on Immigration. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This dissertation analyzes different dimensions of the impacts of immigration from a host country perspective. The focus of the first chapter is on the link between wage premium paid to college education and immigration in Canada. College education premium remained stagnant between 1981 and 2008 in the country. Meanwhile the proportion of hours worked by college graduates among immigrants increased significantly. I use a partial equilibrium model to explore the impact of increasing share of college-graduate immigrants on the sluggish movement of skill premium. I run two counterfactual experiments to achieve this objective. The results from both experiments shows that the increase in the share of skilled immigrants had a negative impact on the college premium in Canada. The second chapter is a joint study with David Brown, Julie Hotchkiss, Myriam Quispe-Agnoli. In this chapter we investigate how the employment of undocumented workers varies along the U.S. business cycles in comparison to the employment of documented workers. We illustrate that undocumented employment is significantly more volatile than the documented employment. The explanation we propose for this evidence is the higher elasticity of substitution between undocumented labor and capital compared to documented labor. Using a partial equilibrium model we can explain 80% of the volatility of the cyclical component of undocumented employment during the 2000s. The last chapter analyzes the impacts of immigration on the earning, welfare, and college attainment of native Canadians. It is an extension of the partial equilibrium model in chapter 1 to a general equilibrium setting. The findings in this paper suggest that the shift in the composition of immigrants towards college graduates discourages some natives from college education. The welfare impacts of immigration on natives are also analyzed. An interesting result in this analysis is that the shift in the composition of immigrants towards college graduates increases the welfare of college-graduate natives as well as the ones with less than college education. The reasons for this surplus accruing to natives are an increase in the wage earnings of both education groups as well as the decrease in the tax rates on labor income.


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Details

Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Genc, Serifeseg34@pitt.eduSEG34
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee CoChairCoen-Pirani, Danielecoen@pitt.eduCOEN
Committee CoChairRipoll, Marlaripoll@pitt.eduRIPOLL
Committee MemberDeJong, Daviddejong@pitt.eduDEJONG
Committee MemberFeigenbaum, Jamesj.feigen@aggiemail.usu.edu
Date: 26 September 2012
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 2012
Approval Date: 26 September 2012
Submission Date: 12 June 2012
Access Restriction: No restriction; Release the ETD for access worldwide immediately.
Number of Pages: 116
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Economics
Degree: PhD - Doctor of Philosophy
Thesis Type: Doctoral Dissertation
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Immigration, human capital, technological change, skill premium, welfare
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2012 01:08
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 14:02
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/13808

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