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Clinical Computing in General Dentistry

Schleyer, TKL and Thyvalikakath, TP and Spallek, H and Torres-Urquidy, MH and Hernandez, P and Yuhaniak, J (2006) Clinical Computing in General Dentistry. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 13 (3). 344 - 352. ISSN 1067-5027

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Objective: Measure the adoption and utilization of, opinions about, and attitudes toward clinical computing among general dentists in the United States. Design: Telephone survey of a random sample of 256 general dentists in active practice in the United States. Measurements: A 39-item telephone interview measuring practice characteristics and information technology infrastructure; clinical information storage; data entry and access; attitudes toward and opinions about clinical computing (features of practice management systems, barriers, advantages, disadvantages, and potential improvements); clinical Internet use; and attitudes toward the National Health Information Infrastructure. Results: The authors successfully screened 1,039 of 1,159 randomly sampled U.S. general dentists in active practice (89.6% response rate). Two hundred fifty-six (24.6%) respondents had computers at chairside and thus were eligible for this study. The authors successfully interviewed 102 respondents (39.8%). Clinical information associated with administration and billing, such as appointments and treatment plans, was stored predominantly on the computer; other information, such as the medical history and progress notes, primarily resided on paper. Nineteen respondents, or 1.8% of all general dentists, were completely paperless. Auxiliary personnel, such as dental assistants and hygienists, entered most data. Respondents adopted clinical computing to improve office efficiency and operations, support diagnosis and treatment, and enhance patient communication and perception. Barriers included insufficient operational reliability, program limitations, a steep learning curve, cost, and infection control issues. Conclusion: Clinical computing is being increasingly adopted in general dentistry. However, future research must address usefulness and ease of use, workflow support, infection control, integration, and implementation issues. © 2006 American Medical Informatics Association.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schleyer, TKLtitus@pitt.eduTITUS0000-0003-1829-971X
Thyvalikakath, TPtpt1@pitt.eduTPT1
Spallek, Hhspallek@pitt.eduHSPALLEK
Torres-Urquidy, MH
Hernandez, P
Yuhaniak, J
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Center for Dental Informatics
Date: 1 May 2006
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Volume: 13
Number: 3
Page Range: 344 - 352
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1197/jamia.m1990
Schools and Programs: School of Dental Medicine > Dental Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1067-5027
MeSH Headings: Attitude to Computers; Computers--statistics & numerical data; Computers--utilization; Data Collection; Dentistry; Female; Humans; Male; Medical Informatics Applications; Medical Records Systems, Computerized--utilization; Middle Aged; Practice Management, Dental
Other ID: NLM PMC1513654
PubMed Central ID: PMC1513654
PubMed ID: 16501177
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2012 20:55
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 09:55


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