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Should dentistry be part of the National Health Information Infrastructure?

Schleyer, TKL (2004) Should dentistry be part of the National Health Information Infrastructure? Journal of the American Dental Association, 135 (12). 1687 - 1695. ISSN 0002-8177

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Abstract

Background. The National Health Information Infrastructure, or NHII, proposes to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and overall quality of health in the United States by establishing a national, electronic information network for health care. To date, dentistry's integration into this network has not been discussed widely. Methods. The author reviews the NHII and its goals and structure through published reports and background literature. The author evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of the NHII regarding their implications for the dental care system. Results. The NHII proposes to implement computer-based patient records, or CPRs, for most Americans by 2014, connect personal health information with other clinical and public health information, and enable different types of care providers to access CPRs. Advantages of the NHII include transparency of health information across health care providers, potentially increased involvement of patients in their care, better clinical decision making through connecting patient-specific information with the best clinical evidence, increased efficiency, enhanced bioterrorism defense and potential cost savings. Challenges in the implementation of the NHII in dentistry include limited use of CPRs, required investments in information technology, limited availability and adoption of standards, and perceived threats to privacy and confidentiality. Conclusions. The implementation of the NHII is making rapid strides. Dentistry should become an active participant in the NHII and work to ensure that the needs of dental patients and the profession are met. Practice Implications. The NHII has far-reaching implications on dental practice by making it easier to access relevant patient information and by helping to improve clinical decision making.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schleyer, TKLtitus@pitt.eduTITUS0000-0003-1829-971X
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for Dental Informatics
Date: 1 January 2004
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Dental Association
Volume: 135
Number: 12
Page Range: 1687 - 1695
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.14219/jada.archive.2004.0120
Schools and Programs: School of Dental Medicine > Dental Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0002-8177
MeSH Headings: Artificial Intelligence; Bioterrorism--prevention & control; Computer Communication Networks; Confidentiality; Cost Savings; Data Collection; Decision Making; Dental Informatics; Dentistry; Efficiency, Organizational; Evidence-Based Medicine; Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act--legislation & jurisprudence; Humans; Information Science; Information Services; Medical Informatics; Medical Records Systems, Computerized; Patient Participation; Public Health; United States
PubMed ID: 15646601
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2012 20:42
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 07:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14116

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