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Validation of an instrument to measure dental students' use of, knowledge about, and attitudes towards computers

Schleyer, TKL and Torres-Urquidy, H and Straja, S (2001) Validation of an instrument to measure dental students' use of, knowledge about, and attitudes towards computers. Journal of Dental Education, 65 (9). 883 - 891. ISSN 0022-0337

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Abstract

Currently, no validated survey instrument exists to measure dental students' use of, knowledge about, and attitudes towards computers. Several studies have surveyed students about their knowledge and opinions regarding computers, but none of them has established the reliability and validity of the instrument(s) used. A measurement study to validate a preliminary survey for dental students was conducted. The preliminary instrument contained five scales: computer use, information resource use, computer knowledge, capabilities of computer systems, and effects of computers on dental practice. Selected variables were summarized descriptively, and a factor analysis for each scale was performed. In addition, construct validity was assessed through correlational analyses among several variables. Three hundred seventy surveys distributed to students at nine dental schools generated 156 responses (42 percent response rate). Sixty-four percent of respondents were male, 36 percent female. Respondents used computers an average approximately four hours per week, and most had begun using computers in 1991. All survey scales except computer use were unidimensional. Computer use required a two-factor solution that distinguished between clinical and nonclinical uses of computers. The instrument can be used for a demonstration study, but should be continuously refined and validated.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Schleyer, TKLtitus@pitt.eduTITUS0000-0003-1829-971X
Torres-Urquidy, H
Straja, S
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Center for Dental Informatics
Date: 1 September 2001
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Dental Education
Volume: 65
Number: 9
Page Range: 883 - 891
Schools and Programs: School of Dental Medicine > Dental Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0022-0337
MeSH Headings: Analysis of Variance; Attitude to Computers; Computer Communication Networks; Computer Literacy; Computer Systems; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Information Systems; Internet; MEDLINE; Male; Medical Informatics Applications; Practice Management, Dental; Reproducibility of Results; Statistics, Nonparametric; Students, Dental
PubMed ID: 11569604
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2012 14:24
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 07:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14131

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