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Improving adherence to a cholesterol-lowering diet: A behavioral intervention study

Burke, LE and Dunbar-Jacob, J and Orchard, TJ and Sereika, SM (2005) Improving adherence to a cholesterol-lowering diet: A behavioral intervention study. Patient Education and Counseling, 57 (1). 134 - 142. ISSN 0738-3991

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Abstract

Less than 50% of US adults follow dietary recommendations. Despite these figures, little research has focused on improving adherence to a therapeutic eating plan. The research utilizing self-efficacy theory has shown promise for improving behavior change and treatment adherence. This study evaluated the efficacy of a telephone-delivered, self-efficacy based intervention designed to improve adherence to a cholesterol-lowering diet among those self-reporting nonadherence. Sixty-five men and women diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia were randomized to usual care or treatment, which consisted of six intervention sessions delivered every 2 weeks by telephone and focused on how to manage eating behavior in challenging situations. There were significant between group differences post intervention in the consumption of saturated fat (P < .001) and cholesterol (P = .040) with the intervention group improving their dietary adherence. Significant change (P = .013) occurred over time in low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in the intervention group. No changes were observed in self-efficacy between groups, suggesting that self-efficacy was not a mediator of the improved adherence. The study's findings confirm that the telephone is a useful tool to deliver adherence-enhancing interventions. © 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Burke, LElbu100@pitt.eduLBU100
Dunbar-Jacob, Jdunbar@pitt.eduDUNBAR
Orchard, TJOrchardT@edc.pitt.eduTJO
Sereika, SMssereika@pitt.eduSSEREIKA
Date: 1 January 2005
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Patient Education and Counseling
Volume: 57
Number: 1
Page Range: 134 - 142
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.pec.2004.05.007
Schools and Programs: School of Nursing > Nursing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0738-3991
MeSH Headings: Adaptation, Psychological; Cholesterol, Dietary; Cholesterol, LDL--blood; Diet, Fat-Restricted--psychology; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Food Habits--psychology; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Promotion--organization & administration; Humans; Hypercholesterolemia--blood; Hypercholesterolemia--diet therapy; Hypercholesterolemia--nursing; Hypercholesterolemia--psychology; Male; Middle Aged; Motivation; Nursing Evaluation Research; Patient Compliance--psychology; Patient Education as Topic--organization & administration; Program Evaluation; Psychological Theory; Questionnaires; Self Efficacy; Social Support; Telephone
PubMed ID: 15797163
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2012 15:10
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:57
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14194

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