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Gingival status of HIV+ children and the correlation with caries incidence and immunologie profile

Vieira, AR (1998) Gingival status of HIV+ children and the correlation with caries incidence and immunologie profile. Pediatric Dentistry, 20 (3). 169 - 172. ISSN 0164-1263

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine gingival health and caries levels in HIV-infected children. Methods: The modified gingival index (GI) of43 HIV+ children of both sexes, aged between 2 and 12 years, was measured and correlated with the DMFT/dmf. The children 's immunodeficiency level was also established by means of the CD4:CD8 ratio. Pearson'sproduct-moment correlation coefficient and the Mann-Whitney U test were used. Results: The GI was significantly related to the DMFTI dmf. The children with aGI = 0 presented significantly more DMFT/dmf than the children with a GI ≥ 0.1, but there ivere no significant differences between the GIs of caries-free children and those with DMFT/dmf ≥ 1. The children who presented a CD4-.CD8 ≥ 0.5 ratio presented less DM FT/ dmf compared ivith children who presented a CD4:CD8 < 0.5 ratio. The children luho presented a CD4:CD8 < 0.5 ratio presented a statistically significant correlation between their GI and their DMFT/dmf, unlike children ivho presented a CD4:CD8 ≥ 0.5 ratio. Children with a CD4.-CD8 < 0.5 who shoived a greater DMFT/dmf 'index also showed greater gingival inflammation. Conclusions: In this study, children ivith greater caries experience shoived more gingival inflammation. In addition, a greater immunological deficiency might indicate a greater car-tes experience in children.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Vieira, ARarv11@pitt.eduARV11
Date: 1 December 1998
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Pediatric Dentistry
Volume: 20
Number: 3
Page Range: 169 - 172
Schools and Programs: School of Dental Medicine > Dental Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0164-1263
MeSH Headings: CD4 Lymphocyte Count; CD4-CD8 Ratio; Child; Child, Preschool; DMF Index; Dental Caries--complications; Dental Caries--immunology; Female; Gingivitis--complications; Gingivitis--immunology; HIV Infections--transmission; HIV Seropositivity--complications; HIV Seropositivity--immunology; Humans; Immunocompromised Host; Incidence; Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical; Male; Periodontal Index
PubMed ID: 9635311
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2012 15:10
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 13:55


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