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A Descriptive Study of Past Experiences with Weight-Loss Treatment

Burke, LE and Steenkiste, A and Music, E and Styn, MA (2008) A Descriptive Study of Past Experiences with Weight-Loss Treatment. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108 (4). 640 - 647. ISSN 0002-8223

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Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity affect more than 60% of the adult population in the United States. Most adults who are overweight have a history of previous weight-loss treatment. Exploring individuals' past experiences with weight-loss treatment may allow improvements to the current approach to treatment. Objective: To examine individuals' prior experiences with weight-loss treatment, their treatment preferences, and what they found to be most and least satisfying. Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Subjects/setting: Individuals (N=155) who had registered for a weight-loss study wait list and met standard criteria for a weight-loss program (aged 18 to 55 years and body mass index between 25 and 42). Methods: Questionnaire packets were mailed to participants. Statistical analyses performed: Descriptive analyses of the participants' past history with weight-loss treatment, treatment preference, self-efficacy, therapeutic efficacy, barriers to adherence to weight-loss treatment, barriers to healthy eating, and experiences associated with following a low-fat diet. Results: One hundred ten participants (71%) returned completed questionnaire packets. The sample (82% white, 84% female, aged 42.6±8.5 years, and body mass index 33.5±5.3) was representative of those who seek weight-loss treatment in research settings. Participants were, on average, aged 21.1±8.9 years when they first tried a weight-loss program; 96.3% had tried to lose weight since that first time. The two most frequently tried programs were doing it on their own (93.5%) and commercial programs (70.8%). Barriers included having trouble controlling what I eat when hungry (71.3%), difficulty motivating myself to eat appropriately (66.2%), and using food as a reward (59.3%). Preferred weight-loss regimens were doing it on their own (30.6%) and a research program (22.4%). Conclusions: Participants were not seeking their preferred treatment. These data can be used to improve weight-loss programs by tailoring programs to meet the needs and preferences of participants. © 2008 American Dietetic Association.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Burke, LElbu100@pitt.eduLBU100
Steenkiste, A
Music, E
Styn, MA
Date: 1 April 2008
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume: 108
Number: 4
Page Range: 640 - 647
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.jada.2008.01.012
Schools and Programs: School of Nursing > Nursing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0002-8223
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Adult; Body Mass Index; Cross-Sectional Studies; Data Collection--methods; Diet, Fat-Restricted--psychology; Diet, Reducing--psychology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Obesity--diet therapy; Obesity--psychology; Overweight--diet therapy; Overweight--psychology; Patient Compliance; Patient Satisfaction; Questionnaires; Self Efficacy; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome; United States; Weight Loss--physiology
PubMed ID: 18375220
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2012 14:35
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2019 22:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14236

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