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Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese college students in Korea

Cha, E and Burke, LE and Kim, KH and Shin, YA and Kim, HY (2010) Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese college students in Korea. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 25 (1). 61 - 68. ISSN 0889-4655

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Abstract

Objectives: This study examined the prevalence of metabolic risk factors among overweight and obese college students aged 18 to 29 years in Korea. Methods: Baseline data from a healthy lifestyle intervention study for overweight and obese college students in Korea were used. We recruited the sample (N = 73) (84% male; mean [SD] age, 23.77 [2.45] years) from 2 universities in Seoul, Korea, and measured body mass index, waist-hip circumstance, blood pressure, and fasting blood chemistry. Descriptive statistics, Spearman rank order correlations, and analysis of variance were conducted using SPSS 16.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, Illinois) for windows. Results: Three-fourths of the participants were identified as being viscerally obese based on the Asia Pacific criteria. Of the total sample, about 12% and 20% were defined as having metabolic syndrome according to the National Cholesterol Education Program-the Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation, respectively. Concordance between the National Cholesterol Education Program-the Adult Treatment Panel III and International Diabetes Federation definitions was very good in the current study (Cohen κ coefficient = 0.74, P <.001). Body mass index was significantly correlated with greater triglyceride and systolic and diastolic blood pressure and waist circumference but with lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conclusions: Early screening and targeted interventions to prevent obesity and the metabolic syndrome are urgently needed to promote health for adolescents and young adults in South Korea. Copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Cha, E
Burke, LElbu100@pitt.eduLBU100
Kim, KH
Shin, YA
Kim, HY
Date: 1 January 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume: 25
Number: 1
Page Range: 61 - 68
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1097/jcn.0b013e3181b848be
Schools and Programs: School of Nursing > Nursing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0889-4655
MeSH Headings: Adult; Analysis of Variance; Body Mass Index; Exercise; Female; Health Promotion; Health Surveys; Humans; Korea--epidemiology; Male; Mass Screening; Metabolic Syndrome X--diagnosis; Metabolic Syndrome X--epidemiology; Metabolic Syndrome X--etiology; Metabolic Syndrome X--prevention & control; Nurse's Role; Obesity--complications; Obesity--diagnosis; Obesity--epidemiology; Obesity--prevention & control; Prevalence; Smoking--adverse effects; Smoking--epidemiology; Statistics, Nonparametric; Students--statistics & numerical data; Universities; Waist Circumference
PubMed ID: 20134283
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2012 20:45
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2019 02:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14261

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