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Clinical implications of obesity with specific focus on cardiovascular disease: A statement for professionals from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism

Klein, S and Burke, LE and Bray, GA and Blair, S and Allison, DB and Pi-Sunyer, X and Hong, Y and Eckel, RH (2004) Clinical implications of obesity with specific focus on cardiovascular disease: A statement for professionals from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation, 110 (18). 2952 - 2967. ISSN 0009-7322

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Abstract

Obesity adversely affects cardiac function, increases the risk factors for coronary heart disease, and is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The risk of developing coronary heart disease is directly related to the concomitant burden of obesity-related risk factors. Modest weight loss can improve diastolic function and affect the entire cluster of coronary heart disease risk factors simultaneously. This statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism reviews the relationship between obesity and the cardiovascular system, evaluates the effect of weight loss on coronary heart disease risk factors and coronary heart disease, and provides practical weight management treatment guidelines for cardiovascular healthcare professionals. The data demonstrate that weight loss and physical activity can prevent and treat obesity-related coronary heart disease risk factors and should be considered a primary therapy for obese patients with cardiovascular disease.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Klein, S
Burke, LElbu100@pitt.eduLBU100
Bray, GA
Blair, S
Allison, DB
Pi-Sunyer, X
Hong, Y
Eckel, RH
Date: 2 November 2004
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Circulation
Volume: 110
Number: 18
Page Range: 2952 - 2967
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1161/01.cir.0000145546.97738.1e
Schools and Programs: School of Nursing > Nursing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0009-7322
Article Type: Review
MeSH Headings: Anti-Obesity Agents--therapeutic use; Autonomic Nervous System Diseases--etiology; Bariatrics; Body Composition; Cardiovascular Diseases--etiology; Cardiovascular Diseases--prevention & control; Combined Modality Therapy; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2--complications; Diet, Reducing; Feeding Behavior; Gastric Bypass; Humans; Hyperlipidemias--complications; Inflammation--etiology; Inflammation--prevention & control; Insulin Resistance; Metabolic Syndrome X--complications; Motor Activity; Obesity--complications; Obesity--prevention & control; Obesity--therapy; Phytotherapy; Risk Factors; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive--etiology; Weight Loss
PubMed ID: 15509809
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2012 19:40
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14272

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