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Utilization of 3-month yoga program for adults at high risk for type 2 diabetes: A pilot study

Yang, K and Bernardo, LM and Sereika, SM and Conroy, MB and Balk, J and Burke, LE (2011) Utilization of 3-month yoga program for adults at high risk for type 2 diabetes: A pilot study. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2011. ISSN 1741-427X

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Abstract

Various modes of physical activity, combined with dieting, have been widely recommended to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. Among these, yoga holds promise for reducing risk factors for type 2 diabetes by promoting weight loss, improving glucose levels and reducing blood pressure and lipid levels. This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility of implementing a 12-week yoga program among adults at high risk for type 2 diabetes. Twenty-three adults (19 Whites and 4 non-Whites) were randomly assigned to the yoga intervention group or the educational group. The yoga group participated in a 3-month yoga intervention with sessions twice per week and the educational group received general health educational materials every 2 weeks. All participants completed questionnaires and had blood tests at baseline and at the end of 3 months. Effect sizes were reported to summarize the efficacy of the intervention. All participants assigned to the yoga intervention completed the yoga program without complication and expressed high satisfaction with the program (99.2). Their yoga session attendance ranged from 58.3 to 100. Compared with the education group, the yoga group experienced improvements in weight, blood pressure, insulin, triglycerides and exercise self-efficacy indicated by small to large effect sizes. This preliminary study indicates that a yoga program would be a possible risk reduction option for adults at high risk for type 2 diabetes. In addition, yoga holds promise as an approach to reducing cardiometabolic risk factors and increasing exercise self-efficacy for this group. Copyright 2011 Kyeongra Yang et al.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Yang, K
Bernardo, LMlbe100@pitt.eduLBE100
Sereika, SMssereika@pitt.eduSSEREIKA
Conroy, MB
Balk, J
Burke, LElbu100@pitt.eduLBU100
Date: 8 March 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume: 2011
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1093/ecam/nep117
Schools and Programs: School of Nursing > Nursing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1741-427X
Other ID: NLM PMC3096458
PubMed Central ID: PMC3096458
PubMed ID: 19690044
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2012 21:12
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14310

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