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Dental anomalies in children born with clefts: A case-control study

De Lima Pedro, R and Faria, MDB and De Costa, MC and Vieira, AR (2012) Dental anomalies in children born with clefts: A case-control study. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 49 (6). ISSN 1055-6656

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Objective: To determine the presence of specific patterns of dental defects in a group of individuals born with clefts. Design: Case-control. Setting: Nossa Senhora do Loreto Municipal Hospital and Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Pediatric Dentistry Clinics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Patients: 642 radiographic and clinical records were evaluated for 321 cases and 321 controls. Results: Individuals born with clefts presented considerably more dental anomalies in comparison with controls (p = .0001). The most frequent was tooth agenesis (n = 53; p = .001), followed by supernumerary teeth (n = 14; p = .11) and tooth malposition (n = 11; p = .33). Regarding tooth agenesis, the upper lateral incisors were more frequently absent in the cleft group (31/86), and control individuals presented more agenesis of the mandibular second premolars (19/45). Conclusions: The higher prevalence of dental anomalies, especially number anomalies, opposite the cleft area, in individuals born with cleft lip and/or palate is the most common associated dental anomaly outside the cleft area. © Copyright 2012 American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
De Lima Pedro, R
Faria, MDB
De Costa, MC
Vieira, ARarv11@pitt.eduARV11
Date: 1 November 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Volume: 49
Number: 6
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1597/10-067
Schools and Programs: School of Dental Medicine > Dental Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1055-6656
PubMed ID: 21740171
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2012 20:57
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 13:55


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