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Road loads acting on manual wheelchairs

VanSickle, DP and Cooper, RA and Boninger, ML (2000) Road loads acting on manual wheelchairs. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, 8 (3). 371 - 384. ISSN 1063-6528

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A barrier to performing more in-depth analyzes during the wheelchair design process is a lack of dynamic reaction force and moment data, and the instrumentation to collect this data. Instrumentation was developed to collect the dynamic force and moment data. New data collections methodologies and analysis techniques were implemented to facilitate computer-aided-engineering for wheelchair designs. Data were collected during standardized wheelchair fatigue tests, while driving over a simulated road course within a laboratory, and while driving in the community. Seventeen subjects participated in this study. Based upon the three test conditions, a pseudo-statistical distribution of the force and moment data at both a caster and rear wheel was developed. The key parameters describing the distribution and the extremums of the data (minima and maxima) were compared using analysis of variance. The results showed that the force and moment distributions and extreme values were similar for the both sets of human trials (i.e., simulated road course and field trials). However, the standardized testing (i.e., wheelchair fatigue testing) differed from both human trials. The force/moment data gathered during this study are suitable for inputs in finite element analysis and dynamic modeling. Our results suggest that the fatigue tests should be modified to change the magnitude and increase the frequency of the forces and moments imparted on the wheelchair. The data reported from this study can be used to improve wheelchair standards and to facilitate computer-aided-engineer in wheelchair design.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
VanSickle, DP
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 September 2000
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering
Volume: 8
Number: 3
Page Range: 371 - 384
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1109/86.867879
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1063-6528
MeSH Headings: Acceleration; Analysis of Variance; Biomechanics; Calibration; Computer-Aided Design; Data Collection; Equipment Design; Exercise Test--methods; Finite Element Analysis; Human Engineering; Humans; Materials Testing--methods; Models, Biological; Muscle Fatigue--physiology; Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted; Transportation--instrumentation; Weight-Bearing; Wheelchairs--standards
PubMed ID: 11001517
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 20:40
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 03:55


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