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Durkan gauge and carpal compression test: Accuracy and diagnostic test properties

Wainner, RS and Boninger, ML and Balu, G and Burdett, R and Helkowski, W (2000) Durkan gauge and carpal compression test: Accuracy and diagnostic test properties. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 30 (11). 676 - 682. ISSN 0190-6011

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Study Design: A prospective, criterion-based validity study. Objectives: To assess the diagnostic properties of the carpal compression test (CCT) when performed with the Durkan carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) gauge, and to determine the measurement validity of the gauge. Background: The CCT has been reported to be highly sensitive (.87-.89) and specific (.93-1.0) in the diagnosis of CTS when it is done with thumb pressure. The accuracy of measurements with the Durkan CTS gauge, however, has not been established and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of the CCT when the gauge is used has not been independently confirmed. Methods and Measures: The study sample included 33 women and 19 men, aged 18 to 85 years (45.7 ± 13.5 years). The accuracy of the gauge was determined with a force dynamometer and holding frame. Standard nerve conduction studies (NCS) and the CCT were performed on the symptomatic extremity of all subjects. A compatible history and the NCS results were used to confirm CTS. Results: The Durkan gauge registered pressures of 11.94 psi and 15.25 psi at the 12 and 15 psi gauge marks, respectively. Test sensitivity and specificity were .36 (95% Cl = .17-.54) and .57 (95% Cl = .39-.74), respectively. Conclusions: Pressure measurements obtained with the Durkan CTS gauge were accurate. The CCT when performed with the Durkan gauge, however, was neither sensitive or specific for the diagnosis of CTS.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Wainner, RS
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Balu, G
Burdett, R
Helkowski, Wwmh2@pitt.eduWMH2
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2000
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Volume: 30
Number: 11
Page Range: 676 - 682
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.2519/jospt.2000.30.11.676
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0190-6011
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Carpal Tunnel Syndrome--diagnosis; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Observer Variation; Orthoptics--instrumentation; Pressure; Prospective Studies; Sensitivity and Specificity
PubMed ID: 11104378
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 20:46
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2020 01:55


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