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Kinematic comparison of Hybrid II test dummy to wheelchair user

Dvorznak, MJ and Cooper, RA and O'Connor, TJ and Boninger, ML and Fitzgerald, SG (2001) Kinematic comparison of Hybrid II test dummy to wheelchair user. Medical Engineering and Physics, 23 (4). 239 - 247. ISSN 1350-4533

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Hybrid test dummies provide a safe alternative to human subjects when investigating mechanisms of wheelchair tips and falls. The data that researchers acquire from these test dummies are more useful if the test dummy represents the population being studied. The goal of this study was to measure the validity of a 50th percentile Hybrid II test dummy (HTD) as an accurate representation of a wheelchair user. A test pilot with T8 paraplegia due to traumatic spinal cord injury served as a basis for validation. Simple modifications were made to the HTD to approximate the trunk stability characteristics of a person with a spinal cord injury. An HTD, a modified HTD, and a human test pilot were seated in an electric-powered wheelchair and several braking tests performed. The standard HTD underestimated the kinematics when compared to the test pilot. The modified HTD had less trunk stability than the standard HTD during all braking methods. The modified HTD and wheelchair test pilot had similar trunk stability characteristics during kill switch and joystick full-reverse braking conditions. The modified HTD is a satisfactory representation of a wheelchair user with a spinal cord injury; however, the modified test dummy underestimates the trunk dynamics during the less extreme joystick release braking. Work should continue on the development of a low-speed, low-impact test dummy that emulates the wheelchair user population. © 2001 IPEM.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Dvorznak, MJ
O'Connor, TJ
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Fitzgerald, SG
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 4 July 2001
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Medical Engineering and Physics
Volume: 23
Number: 4
Page Range: 239 - 247
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/s1350-4533(01)00025-x
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1350-4533
MeSH Headings: Biomechanics; Biomedical Engineering; Biophysical Phenomena; Biophysics; Human Experimentation; Humans; Models, Biological; Spinal Cord Injuries--physiopathology; Spinal Cord Injuries--rehabilitation; Wheelchairs--adverse effects
PubMed ID: 11427361
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 20:49
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 12:58


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