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Multiple sclerosis and mobility-related assistive technology: Systematic review of literature

Souza, A and Kelleher, A and Cooper, R and Cooper, RA and Iezzoni, LI and Collins, DM (2010) Multiple sclerosis and mobility-related assistive technology: Systematic review of literature. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 47 (3). 213 - 224. ISSN 0748-7711

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes a wide variety of neurological deficits, with ambulatory impairment the most obvious cause of disability. Within 10 to 15 years of disease onset, 80% of persons with MS experience gait problems due to muscle weakness or spasticity, fatigue, and loss of balance. To facilitate mobility, persons with MS frequently use mobility assistive technology (MAT), such as canes, crutches, walkers, wheelchairs, and scooters. We systematically reviewed the published literature on MAT use among persons with MS. We used electronic reference lists such as Ovid MEDLINE and PubMed to search the literature. We located 50 articles that met the initial criteria of providing good evidence of the types of MAT devices and their benefits for individuals with MS. A limited number of articles with higher levels of evidence was found regarding benefits of MAT use specifically for persons with MS. Evidence-based literature provides the basis for the strongest method of measurable clinical performance; therefore, having a strong research study design is vital to the justification of MAT prescription and reimbursement decisions. However, a paucity of studies with higher levels of evidence-based practice exists.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Souza, A
Kelleher, Aakellehe@pitt.eduAKELLEHE
Cooper, Rcooperrm@pitt.eduCOOPERRM
Iezzoni, LI
Collins, DM
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 13 July 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Volume: 47
Number: 3
Page Range: 213 - 224
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1682/jrrd.2009.07.0096
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0748-7711
MeSH Headings: Activities of Daily Living; Disabled Persons--psychology; Disabled Persons--rehabilitation; Humans; Medical Laboratory Science--standards; Medical Laboratory Science--trends; Multiple Sclerosis--physiopathology; Multiple Sclerosis--rehabilitation; Quality of Life; Self-Help Devices--classification; Self-Help Devices--psychology; Self-Help Devices--trends
PubMed ID: 20665347
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 21:42
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56


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