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Manual wheelchair-related mobility characteristics of older adults in nursing homes

Karmarkar, AM and Collins, DM and Kelleher, A and Ding, D and Oyster, M and Cooper, RA (2010) Manual wheelchair-related mobility characteristics of older adults in nursing homes. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 5 (6). 428 - 437. ISSN 1748-3107

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Abstract

Aim.Manual wheelchairs are commonly prescribed for older adults in nursing homes (NH). The extent of their utilisation being unknown may result in the prescription of standard wheelchairs. The purpose of this study was to quantify manual wheelchair use by nursing home residents. Methods.Seventy-two independent wheelchair users were recruited from four NH (two VA-affiliated and two private). A customised wheelchair data logger was attached to each participant's wheelchair for 1 month. Data were reduced and compared separately for VA- affiliated and private facilities by types of propulsion pattern (arms versus legs and the combination of arms and legs) using MANOVA. Results.Participants from the VA-affiliated facilities who used their arms were covering more distance (1451m versus 806m), with greater endurance (73m versus 60m) as compared to participants who used combination of arms and legs. However, no difference was observed between velocity of wheelchair propulsion between groups (0.48m/s versus 0.58m/s). For private facilities no notable difference was observed between the groups. Conclusion.Older adults who live in NH and use of wheelchairs represent a diverse cohort. The efficacy of using an objective assessment method to measure the extent of use of wheelchairs was demonstrated in this study. © 2010 Informa UK, Ltd.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Karmarkar, AM
Collins, DM
Kelleher, Aakellehe@pitt.eduAKELLEHE
Ding, Ddad5@pitt.eduDAD5
Oyster, M
Cooper, RARCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 November 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Volume: 5
Number: 6
Page Range: 428 - 437
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3109/17483107.2010.481346
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1748-3107
MeSH Headings: Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging; Analysis of Variance; Cohort Studies; Equipment Design; Female; Human Engineering; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Mobility Limitation; Multivariate Analysis; Nursing Homes; Wheelchairs
PubMed ID: 20839995
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 21:48
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14722

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