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Investigation of factors associated with manual wheelchair mobility in persons with spinal cord injury

Oyster, ML and Karmarkar, AM and Patrick, M and Read, MS and Nicolini, L and Boninger, ML (2011) Investigation of factors associated with manual wheelchair mobility in persons with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92 (3). 484 - 490. ISSN 0003-9993

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Abstract

Objective To quantify wheelchair mobility of persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI), and to assess the relationship between wheelchair mobility and demographics, type of manual wheelchair, and participation. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Six Model Spinal Cord Injury Systems. Participants People (N=132) with SCI who use a manual wheelchair as their primary means of mobility. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures Wheelchair-related mobility characteristics measured by a data-logging device, and community participation measured by the short form of the Craig Handicap Assessment Recording Technique (CHART). Results Age was found to be significantly (r=.225, P<.01) related to average speed traveled per day. Whites were found to travel significantly further (P<.01) and accumulate more minutes per day (P<.01) compared with minorities. Participants who were employed traveled significantly further (P<.01), faster (P<.01), and for more minutes per day (P<.01) compared with those who were not employed. A moderate relationship (r=.245.390) was found between wheelchair mobility data and CHART total score. Conclusions Results suggest a need for future investigation of the factors that influence wheelchair mobility and community participation of persons with SCI. Findings indicate the efficacy of a quantitative method to track wheelchair mobility in community settings, which could serve as a way of identifying community participation for persons with SCI and possibly uncovering additional aspects of participation. © 2011 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Oyster, ML
Karmarkar, AM
Patrick, M
Read, MS
Nicolini, L
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 March 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume: 92
Number: 3
Page Range: 484 - 490
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.apmr.2010.09.025
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0003-9993
MeSH Headings: Adult; Age Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Male; Middle Aged; Sex Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Spinal Cord Injuries--rehabilitation; Trauma Severity Indices; Wheelchairs--utilization
PubMed ID: 21353831
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 13:57
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 03:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14734

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