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Emergency evacuation readiness of full-time wheelchair users with spinal cord injury

McClure, LA and Boninger, ML and Oyster, ML and Roach, MJ and Nagy, J and Nemunaitis, G (2011) Emergency evacuation readiness of full-time wheelchair users with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92 (3). 491 - 498. ISSN 0003-9993

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Abstract

Objectives To determine the percentage of full-time wheelchair users with spinal cord injuries who felt they could evacuate from various locations, and the percentage who have a plan for evacuation. Study results will help clinicians and emergency officials understand needs related to evacuation preparedness. Design Convenience sample survey. Setting Six Spinal Cord Injury Model System centers, part of the national database funded through the Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Participants People (N=487) with spinal cord injuries who use a wheelchair more than 40 hours a week. Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures The percentage of wheelchair users who felt they would be able to safely evacuate, had a plan for safe evacuation, or reported a need for assistive technology and human assistance to evacuate from various locations in the event of an emergency. Results The highest percentage of participants felt they would be able to safely evacuate and had a plan for work evacuation. The lowest percentage of participants reported they could evacuate from their city/town in the event of an emergency and had a plan to evacuate their city/town in the event of a natural disaster. A large difference exists between the percentage of participants who felt they could evacuate and those who have a plan for evacuation. Conclusions A large discrepancy exists between the perception that one can evacuate and actually having a plan. The perception that one can evacuate without a plan or the use of assistive technology is an area of concern that must be further addressed by educators. Education must emphasize the need to have a defined evacuation plan and effective utilization of assistive technology. © 2011 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
McClure, LA
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Oyster, ML
Roach, MJ
Nagy, J
Nemunaitis, G
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 March 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume: 92
Number: 3
Page Range: 491 - 498
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.apmr.2010.08.030
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0003-9993
MeSH Headings: Adult; Disabled Persons; Emergencies; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Socioeconomic Factors; Spinal Cord Injuries--rehabilitation; Trauma Severity Indices; Wheelchairs
PubMed ID: 21353832
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 13:58
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 03:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14735

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