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Sensor technology for smart homes

Ding, D and Cooper, RA and Pasquina, PF and Fici-Pasquina, L (2011) Sensor technology for smart homes. Maturitas, 69 (2). 131 - 136. ISSN 0378-5122

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Abstract

A smart home is a residence equipped with technology that observes the residents and provides proactive services. Most recently, it has been introduced as a potential solution to support independent living of people with disabilities and older adults, as well as to relieve the workload from family caregivers and health providers. One of the key supporting features of a smart home is its ability to monitor the activities of daily living and safety of residents, and in detecting changes in their daily routines. With the availability of inexpensive low-power sensors, radios, and embedded processors, current smart homes are typically equipped with a large amount of networked sensors which collaboratively process and make deductions from the acquired data on the state of the home as well as the activities and behaviors of its residents. This article reviews sensor technology used in smart homes with a focus on direct environment sensing and infrastructure mediated sensing. The article also points out the strengths and limitations of different sensor technologies, as well as discusses challenges and opportunities from clinical, technical, and ethical perspectives. It is recommended that sensor technologies for smart homes address actual needs of all stake holders including end users, their family members and caregivers, and their doctors and therapists. More evidence on the appropriateness, usefulness, and cost benefits analysis of sensor technologies for smart homes is necessary before these sensors should be widely deployed into real-world residential settings and successfully integrated into everyday life and health care services. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ding, Ddad5@pitt.eduDAD5
Cooper, RARCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Pasquina, PF
Fici-Pasquina, L
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 June 2011
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Maturitas
Volume: 69
Number: 2
Page Range: 131 - 136
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.03.016
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0378-5122
Article Type: Review
MeSH Headings: Aged; Disabled Persons; Electrical Equipment and Supplies; Environment; Facility Design and Construction; Health Services Needs and Demand; Home Care Services; Housing; Humans; Independent Living; Monitoring, Ambulatory--instrumentation; Telemetry
PubMed ID: 21531517
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 13:59
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14739

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