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An expert review of the scientific literature on independent wheelchair transfers

Koontz, A and Toro, M and Kankipati, P and Naber, M and Cooper, R (2012) An expert review of the scientific literature on independent wheelchair transfers. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 7 (1). 20 - 29. ISSN 1748-3107

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Purpose. The purpose of this study was to perform a literature review and seek expert opinion on the relevance and strength of the evidence concerning setup and transfer performance. Methods. Scientific literature databases were searched until June 2009 using 43 keywords resulting in 339 articles. These were internally reviewed and narrowed to 41 articles which were formally assessed by 13 external experts. Articles that 80% or more of the reviewers scored as moderately or highly relevant were included in the final results. Results. Nineteen articles met the relevancy criteria. The aspects of setup that experts felt were addressed to some degree included vertical transfer distance, transferring across a gap and position of the mobility device relative to target destination. None of the 19 articles were scored as having strong to very strong resulting evidence. Conclusions. There is a consensus among studies that transferring to a higher surface implies greater exertion of the upper limb. However, there is no evidence concerning how high or low, how close, and how much space is needed next to the target surface so it can be accessible by a majority of wheelchair users. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Koontz, Aakoontz@pitt.eduAKOONTZ
Toro, M
Kankipati, P
Naber, M
Cooper, RRCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology
Volume: 7
Number: 1
Page Range: 20 - 29
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3109/17483107.2011.553983
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1748-3107
Article Type: Review
MeSH Headings: Activities of Daily Living; Databases, Factual; Disabled Persons--rehabilitation; Expert Testimony; Humans; Mobility Limitation; Moving and Lifting Patients--instrumentation; Moving and Lifting Patients--methods; Wheelchairs
PubMed ID: 21591884
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 14:00
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 12:57


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