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Comparison of fatigue life for 3 types of manual wheelchairs

Fitzgerald, SG and Cooper, RA and Boninger, ML and Rentschler, AJ (2001) Comparison of fatigue life for 3 types of manual wheelchairs. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 82 (10). 1484 - 1488. ISSN 0003-9993

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Abstract

Objectives: To examine 3 types of manual wheelchairs - ultralight wheelchairs (UWs), lightweight wheelchairs (LWs), and depot wheelchairs (DWs) - and to compare the fatigue life between the wheelchair types. Design: A database of different manual wheelchairs tested according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Fatigue life was determined by using standards that define methods accepted internationally using double-drum and curb-drop testing equipment. Setting: A rehabilitation engineering center. Specimens: Sixty-one manual wheelchairs: 25 DWs, 22 UWs, and 14 LWs. Main Outcome Measures: Wheelchairs were examined for differences in fatigue life based on equivalent cycles. Unique survival curves were fit and compared for each wheelchair type. Results: The UWs lasted the longest, with a mean of 309,362 equivalent cycles. The DWs faired the worst, with a mean of 117,210 equivalent cycles. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves were significantly different (p<.001), with the UWs having the longest fatigue life. Conclusion: Fatigue life for UWs is significantly greater (p<.05) than LWs and DWs, indicating wheelchairs differ in durability. © 2001 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Fitzgerald, SG
Cooper, RARCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Rentschler, AJ
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2001
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume: 82
Number: 10
Page Range: 1484 - 1488
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1053/apmr.2001.26139
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0003-9993
MeSH Headings: Equipment Failure--statistics & numerical data; Wheelchairs--standards
PubMed ID: 11588758
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 20:58
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 03:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14783

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