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Range of motion and stroke frequency differences between manual wheelchair propulsion and pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair propulsion

Corfman, TA and Cooper, RA and Boninger, ML and Koontz, AM and Fitzgerald, SG (2003) Range of motion and stroke frequency differences between manual wheelchair propulsion and pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair propulsion. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 26 (2). 135 - 140. ISSN 1079-0268

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Abstract

Background/Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the use and efficacy of a pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchair (PAPAW) in the reduction of upper extremity range of motion (ROM) and stroke frequency in manual wheelchair users. Methods: Ten manual wheelchair users were evaluated using a repeated-measures design with and without the use of a PAPAW for maximum ROM of shoulder flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, internal/external rotation, and horizontal flexion/extension; elbow flexion/extension; wrist flexion/extension, supination/pronation, and ulnar/radial deviation; and stroke frequency. Participants propelled a Quickie 2 manual wheelchair configured as a PAPAW and their own wheelchair on a computer-controlled dynamometer at 3 different resistance levels and 2 different speeds. Results: The use of the PAPAW significantly (P < 0.05) decreased shoulder flexion/extension and horizontal flexion/extension, elbow flexion/extension, and wrist flexion/extension and ulnar/radial deviation for many speed and resistance combinations. Univariate analysis revealed that stroke frequency was unaltered in all cases. Conclusion: These findings provide the foundation for studying the utility of the PAPAW in reducing the risk of upper limb injury and neuropathy in the manual wheelchair user population.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Corfman, TA
Cooper, RARCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Koontz, AMakoontz@pitt.eduAKOONTZ
Fitzgerald, SG
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2003
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Volume: 26
Number: 2
Page Range: 135 - 140
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1080/10790268.2003.11753673
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1079-0268
MeSH Headings: Adult; Arm Injuries--etiology; Arm Injuries--physiopathology; Arm Injuries--prevention & control; Elbow Joint--physiopathology; Equipment Design; Exercise--physiology; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Range of Motion, Articular--physiology; Shoulder Joint--physiopathology; Spinal Cord Injuries--complications; Spinal Cord Injuries--physiopathology; Stroke--etiology; Stroke--physiopathology; Stroke--prevention & control; Wheelchairs--adverse effects; Wrist Joint--physiopathology
PubMed ID: 12828290
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 14:08
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14801

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