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Use of the INDEPENDENCE 3000 IBOT Transporter at home and in the community

Cooper, RA and Boninger, ML and Cooper, R and Dobson, AR and Kessler, J and Schmeler, M and Fitzgerald, SG (2003) Use of the INDEPENDENCE 3000 IBOT Transporter at home and in the community. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 26 (1). 79 - 85. ISSN 1079-0268

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Background: The INDEPENDENCE 3000 IBOT Transporter (IBOT) is an electronically stabilizing mobility device for people with disabilities. It operates in 4 functions: Standard, Balance (raised on 2 rear wheels), 4 Wheel (for inclines, curbs, and uneven terrain), and Remote (for loading into a vehicle). Objective: The purpose of this study was to observe the IBOT at use in the home and in the community. Methods: Data were obtained via observations by trained clinicians, data recorded from a computerized data logger, and reports from each expert. Participants: Participants included 10 unimpaired nonwheelchair users (6 men, 4 women) and 4 expert wheelchair users (men with spinal cord injuries, T7-L1). The participants used the IBOT to perform a variety of activities, including holding eye-level discussions with colleagues and shopping by balancing on 2 wheels, going up and down steep ramps, traversing outdoor surfaces (eg, grass, dirt trails), and climbing curbs. Observations: The Balance and 4-Wheel functions were helpful and worked well. The IBOT required attention to control in the Standard function. The seat height was too high for most tables and desks, and the IBOT was challenging to use in the bathroom. Conclusion: The IBOT is a functional mobility device that expands the options of wheelchair users. It is most useful outdoors and where there is sufficient space to use its unique Balance function.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Cooper, Rcooperrm@pitt.eduCOOPERRM
Dobson, AR
Kessler, J
Schmeler, Mschmeler@pitt.eduSCHMELER0000-0001-8173-5452
Fitzgerald, SG
ContributionContributors NameEmailPitt UsernameORCID
ContributorKelleher, Annmarieakellehe@pitt.eduAKELLEHEUNSPECIFIED
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2003
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Volume: 26
Number: 1
Page Range: 79 - 85
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1080/10790268.2003.11753665
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1079-0268
Article Type: Review
MeSH Headings: Activities of Daily Living; Adult; Equipment Design; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Patient Satisfaction; Reproducibility of Results; Residence Characteristics; Spinal Cord Injuries--rehabilitation; Wheelchairs
PubMed ID: 12830974
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 14:08
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 03:55


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