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Review of research on prosthetic devices for lower extremity amputation

Collins, DM and Karmarkar, A and Relich, R and Pasquina, PF and Cooper, RA (2006) Review of research on prosthetic devices for lower extremity amputation. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 34 (5). 379 - 438. ISSN 0278-940X

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The literature on lower extremity prostheses from 1989 to 2006 has been reviewed in this article. New technologies, such as the microprocessor- controlled prosthetic knees and energy-storing/return prosthetic feet, are recent advances in the prosthetic field. Despite the extensive research to date in the areas of socket design and manufacturing, and alignment of prostheses for optimum gait analyses, problems persist in the field. Difficulties in obtaining a comfortable socket fit, prostheses weight and alignment guidelines, and the ability to rapidly manufacture a prosthetic socket that can accommodate the changing sizes of the residual limb persist. Furthermore, no prosthetic device can adjust to the typical movements of the human gait. These areas provide opportunities for further research and development. © 2006 by Begell House, Inc.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Collins, DM
Karmarkar, A
Relich, R
Pasquina, PF
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2006
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Volume: 34
Number: 5
Page Range: 379 - 438
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1615/critrevbiomedeng.v34.i5.20
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0278-940X
Article Type: Review
MeSH Headings: Amputation--instrumentation; Amputation--trends; Artificial Limbs--trends; Biomedical Research--trends; Humans; Lower Extremity--surgery; Prosthesis Design--trends
PubMed ID: 17206920
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2012 14:04
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56


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