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Demographic characteristics of veterans who received wheelchairs and scooters from Veterans Health Administration

Hubbard, SL and Fitzgerald, SG and Reker, DM and Boninger, ML and Cooper, RA and Kazis, LE (2006) Demographic characteristics of veterans who received wheelchairs and scooters from Veterans Health Administration. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 43 (7). 831 - 844. ISSN 0748-7711

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Abstract

Little is known about the reasoning process clinicians use when prescribing wheeled mobility equipment (WME) or about the outcomes of this process, i.e., how many devices are prescribed, to whom, how often, and at what cost. This study characterized veterans who received WME from the Veterans Health Administration. We analyzed variance in wheelchair provision based on sex, race/ethnicity, diagnosis, and age. Three years of data from the National Prosthetics Patient Database and the National Patient Care Database were merged, yielding more than 77,000 observations per fiscal year. Logistic regression analysis revealed associations between WME provision and age, sex, and race/ethnicity, when analysis was controlled for diagnosis and number of comorbidities. Hispanics (odds ratio [OR] = 1.864), African Americans (OR = 1.360), and American Indians/Asians (OR = 1.585) were more likely than Caucasians to receive standard wheelchairs. Hispanics (OR = 0.4), African Americans (OR = 0.7), and American Indians/Asians (OR = 0.4) were less likely than Caucasians to receive scooters.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Hubbard, SL
Fitzgerald, SG
Reker, DM
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Cooper, RARCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Kazis, LE
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 November 2006
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Volume: 43
Number: 7
Page Range: 831 - 844
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1682/jrrd.2005.11.0174
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0748-7711
MeSH Headings: Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Attitude to Health--ethnology; Cross-Sectional Studies; Disability Evaluation; Disabled Persons--rehabilitation; Ethnic Groups--statistics & numerical data; Female; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Minority Groups--statistics & numerical data; Probability; Retrospective Studies; Self-Help Devices--statistics & numerical data; Sex Factors; United States; United States Department of Veterans Affairs--utilization; Veterans; Wheelchairs--statistics & numerical data
PubMed ID: 17436170
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2012 17:58
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2019 03:55
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14834

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