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Longitudinal assessment of vibrations during manual and power wheelchair driving over select sidewalk surfaces

Wolf, E and Cooper, RA and Pearlman, J and Fitzgerald, SG and Kelleher, A (2007) Longitudinal assessment of vibrations during manual and power wheelchair driving over select sidewalk surfaces. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 44 (4). 573 - 580. ISSN 0748-7711

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Abstract

Wheelchair users rely on their wheelchairs for mobility for extended periods of time every day. According to the International Standards Organization 2631-1 standard on human vibration, individuals in a seated position when exposed to whole-body vibrations (WBV) are at risk of injury. This study evaluated vibration exposure during manual and power wheelchair driving over nine sidewalk surfaces and differences in vibration exposure over 3 years. Ten nondisabled subjects were asked to drive a manual wheelchair at 1 m/s and a power wheelchair at 1 m/s and 2 m/s over nine sidewalk surfaces while WBV were measured at the seat and footrest of the wheelchair. At 1 m/s, significant differences existed between surfaces and years at both the seat and the footrest for the manual and power wheelchair users. At 2 m/s, significant differences existed between surfaces and years at the seat and the footrest for power wheelchair users. Our results show that both manual and power wheelchair users may be at risk for secondary injuries from WBV when traveling over certain surfaces.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Wolf, E
Cooper, RARCOOPER@pitt.eduRCOOPER
Pearlman, Jjpearlman@pitt.eduJLP460000-0003-0830-9136
Fitzgerald, SG
Kelleher, Aakellehe@pitt.eduAKELLEHE
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 27 August 2007
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Volume: 44
Number: 4
Page Range: 573 - 580
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1682/jrrd.2006.05.0049
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0748-7711
MeSH Headings: Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Architectural Accessibility; Construction Materials; Disabled Persons--rehabilitation; Equipment Design; Ergometry--methods; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Incidence; Middle Aged; Physical Exertion; Respiratory Sounds; Risk Assessment--methods; Risk Factors; Surface Properties; Transportation; United States--epidemiology; Vibration--adverse effects; Wounds and Injuries--epidemiology; Wounds and Injuries--etiology; Young Adult
PubMed ID: 18247254
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2012 16:00
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 14:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15653

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