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Virtual Coach Technology for Supporting Self-Care

Ding, D and Liu, HY and Cooper, R and Cooper, RA and Smailagic, A and Siewiorek, D (2010) Virtual Coach Technology for Supporting Self-Care. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 21 (1). 179 - 194. ISSN 1047-9651

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"Virtual Coach" refers to a coaching program or device aiming to guide users through tasks for the purpose of prompting positive behavior or assisting with learning new skills. This article reviews virtual coach interventions with the purpose of guiding rehabilitation professionals to comprehend more effectively the essential components of such interventions, the underlying technologies and their integration, and example applications. A design space of virtual coach interventions including self-monitoring, context awareness, interface modality, and coaching strategies were identified and discussed to address when, how, and what coaching messages to deliver in an automated and intelligent way. Example applications that address various health-related issues also are provided to illustrate how a virtual coach intervention is developed and evaluated. Finally, the article provides some insight into addressing key challenges and opportunities in designing and implementing virtual coach interventions. It is expected that more virtual coach interventions will be developed in the field of rehabilitation to support self-care and prevent secondary conditions in individuals with disabilities. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.


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Item Type: Article
Status: Published
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Ding, Ddad5@pitt.eduDAD5
Liu, HY
Cooper, Rcooperrm@pitt.eduCOOPERRM
Smailagic, A
Siewiorek, D
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, Offices, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 February 2010
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Volume: 21
Number: 1
Page Range: 179 - 194
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.pmr.2009.07.012
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1047-9651
Article Type: Review
MeSH Headings: Activities of Daily Living; Disabled Persons--rehabilitation; Exercise; Humans; Quality of Life; Self-Help Devices; Task Performance and Analysis; User-Computer Interface; Wheelchairs
PubMed ID: 19951785
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2012 19:24
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:58


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