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Assessing mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users.

Tolerico, Michelle L and Ding, Dan and Cooper, Rory A and Spaeth, Donald M and Fitzgerald, Shirley G and Cooper, Rosemarie and Kelleher, Annmarie and Boninger, Michael L (2007) Assessing mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users. Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 44 (4). pp. 561-71. ISSN 1938-1352

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PubMed ID: 18247253

Abstract

Although engaging in an active lifestyle is beneficial for maintaining quality of life, a majority of wheelchair users are inactive. This study investigated the mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users in the residential setting and at the National Veterans Wheelchair Games (NVWG). Demographic factors that may have influenced activity in the home environment were also identified. Fifty-two manual wheelchair users completed a brief survey, and their activity was monitored with a custom data logger over a period of 13 or 20 days. We found that they traveled a mean +/- standard deviation of 2,457.0 +/- 1,195.7 m/d at a speed of 0.79 +/- 0.19 m/s for 8.3 +/- 3.3 h/d while using their primary wheelchair in the home environment. No significant differences in mobility characteristics or activity levels were found for level of spinal cord injury or disability. We also found that subjects traveled significantly farther and faster and were active for more hours during an average day at the NVWG than in the home environment (p < 0.001). We found that manual wheelchair users who were employed covered more distance, accumulated more minutes, and traveled a greater average maximum distance between consecutive stops than those who were unemployed. Results from this study provide a better understanding of the activity levels achieved by manual wheelchair users and insight into factors that may influence this activity.


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Item Type: Article
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Tolerico, Michelle Loysterml@upmc.edu
Ding, Dandad5@pitt.edu
Cooper, Rory Arcooper@pitt.edu
Spaeth, Donald M
Fitzgerald, Shirley G
Cooper, Rosemariecooperrm@pitt.edu
Kelleher, Annmarieakellehe@pitt.edu
Boninger, Michael Lboninger@upmc.edu
Title: Assessing mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users.
Status: Published
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Abstract: Although engaging in an active lifestyle is beneficial for maintaining quality of life, a majority of wheelchair users are inactive. This study investigated the mobility characteristics and activity levels of manual wheelchair users in the residential setting and at the National Veterans Wheelchair Games (NVWG). Demographic factors that may have influenced activity in the home environment were also identified. Fifty-two manual wheelchair users completed a brief survey, and their activity was monitored with a custom data logger over a period of 13 or 20 days. We found that they traveled a mean +/- standard deviation of 2,457.0 +/- 1,195.7 m/d at a speed of 0.79 +/- 0.19 m/s for 8.3 +/- 3.3 h/d while using their primary wheelchair in the home environment. No significant differences in mobility characteristics or activity levels were found for level of spinal cord injury or disability. We also found that subjects traveled significantly farther and faster and were active for more hours during an average day at the NVWG than in the home environment (p < 0.001). We found that manual wheelchair users who were employed covered more distance, accumulated more minutes, and traveled a greater average maximum distance between consecutive stops than those who were unemployed. Results from this study provide a better understanding of the activity levels achieved by manual wheelchair users and insight into factors that may influence this activity.
Date: 2007
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of rehabilitation research and development
Volume: 44
Number: 4
Page Range: pp. 561-71
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1938-1352
Article Type: Research Article
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2012 15:12
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2012 15:12
MeSH Headings: Activities of Daily Living; Adult; Aged; Disabled Persons--rehabilitation; Equipment Design; Female; Humans; Life Style; Male; Middle Aged; Motor Activity--physiology; Quality of Life; Retrospective Studies; Wheelchairs--standards; Young Adult
PubMed ID: 18247253

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