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Comparison between overground and dynamometer manual wheelchair propulsion

Koontz, AM and Worobey, LA and Rice, IM and Collinger, JL and Boninger, ML (2012) Comparison between overground and dynamometer manual wheelchair propulsion. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 28 (4). 412 - 419. ISSN 1065-8483

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Abstract

Laboratory-based simulators afford many advantages for studying physiology and biomechanics; however, they may not perfectly mimic wheelchair propulsion over natural surfaces. The goal of this study was to compare kinetic and temporal parameters between propulsion overground on a tile surface and on a dynamometer. Twenty-four experienced manual wheelchair users propelled at a self-selected speed on smooth, level tile and a dynamometer while kinetic data were collected using an instrumented wheel. A Pearson correlation test was used to examine the relationship between propulsion variables obtained on the dynamometer and the overground condition. Ensemble resultant force and moment curves were compared using cross-correlation and qualitative analysis of curve shape. User biomechanics were correlated (R ranging from 0.41 to 0.83) between surfaces. Overall, findings suggest that although the dynamometer does not perfectly emulate overground propulsion, wheelchair users were consistent with the direction and amount of force applied, the time peak force was reached, push angle, and their stroke frequency between conditions. © 2012 Human Kinetics, Inc.


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Details

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Creators/Authors:
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Koontz, AMakoontz@pitt.eduAKOONTZ
Worobey, LAlynn.worobey@pitt.eduLAW930000-0001-8795-6061
Rice, IM
Collinger, JLcollinger@pitt.eduCOLLINGR
Boninger, MLboninger@pitt.eduBONINGER
Centers: Other Centers, Institutes, or Units > Human Engineering Research Laboratories
Date: 1 January 2012
Date Type: Publication
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume: 28
Number: 4
Page Range: 412 - 419
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1123/jab.28.4.412
Schools and Programs: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences > Rehabilitation Science and Technology
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1065-8483
PubMed ID: 22983935
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2012 14:14
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 16:56
URI: http://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15771

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