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Sayers, W. Michael (2013) THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUPPRESSION OF CRAVING AND MOTIVATION TO SMOKE. Master's Thesis, University of Pittsburgh. (Unpublished)

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Experimental research on suppression shows a rebound effect in which the suppressed content is expressed more following an attempt to suppress it than if suppression was never attempted. Research also has demonstrated an increased accessibility of the suppressed content during a suppression attempt. While prior work has explicitly instructed participants to suppress their responses to stimuli, the present study sought to examine suppression as it naturally occurs in response to smoking cues. This study used the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to examine spontaneously occurring facial responses thought to relate to emotion suppression. Specifically this study is the first to aim to link spontaneous attempts to suppress cigarette craving in the laboratory to increased accessibility of cigarette craving during a suppression attempt and an increased rebound in motivation to smoke immediately following it. Nicotine deprived, heavy smokers (n=66) were exposed to a robust smoking cue exposure manipulation while their facial responses were videotaped. They also reported their urge to smoke and completed a secondary response time task. Following cue exposure, participants completed a behavioral choice task found previously to index smoking motivation. Results showed that participants evincing facial expressions linked to suppression valued smoking more than did those not displaying these expressions, suggesting the a suppression-related rebound in motivation to smoke following the craving induction. Those expressing suppression did not differ from the remaining participants in their reactions during cue exposure.


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Item Type: University of Pittsburgh ETD
Status: Unpublished
CreatorsEmailPitt UsernameORCID
Sayers, W. Michaelwms7@pitt.eduWMS7
ETD Committee:
TitleMemberEmail AddressPitt UsernameORCID
Committee ChairSayette, Michael A.sayette@pitt.eduSAYETTE
Committee MemberDonny, Ericedonny@pitt.eduEDONNY
Committee MemberCohn, Jeffrey F.jeffcohn@pitt.eduJEFFCOHN
Date: 25 January 2013
Date Type: Publication
Defense Date: 11 July 2011
Approval Date: 25 January 2013
Submission Date: 15 October 2012
Access Restriction: 4 year -- Restrict access to University of Pittsburgh for a period of 4 years.
Number of Pages: 49
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Schools and Programs: Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences > Psychology
Degree: MS - Master of Science
Thesis Type: Master's Thesis
Refereed: Yes
Uncontrolled Keywords: craving, smoking, cue-reactivity, suppression, FACS, facial expression
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2013 14:26
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 06:15


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